Courses of Study: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Sports Turfgrass Production and Management, 2009

1.) Describe job characteristics in various career opportunities in the sports turfgrass industry.

2.) Identify workplace safety precautions for sports turfgrass personnel.

3.) Identify common names, characteristics, and uses of warm- and cool-season perennial grasses.

•  Categorizing climatic regions in the United States to determine suitable grasses
Examples: Region 1—Kentucky bluegrass

- Region 2—Bermuda grass

4.) Differentiate among the growth patterns of turfgrasses, including rhizome, stolon, and bunch.

5.) Explain soil preparation techniques needed during turfgrass renovations.

Examples: grading, draining, fertilizing

•  Describing the components of soils and the importance of each to the turfgrass industry
•  Describing methods of establishing turfgrasses
Examples: seeding, sodding, plugging, sprigging

6.) Evaluate the results of a soil analysis.

•  Comparing characteristics of primary and secondary macronutrients and micronutrients
Examples: primary macronutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium

- secondary macronutrients—calcium, sulfur, magnesium

- micronutrients—carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, iron, boron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, chloride

•  Describing symptoms of deficiencies in turfgrasses
7.) Identify insects, diseases, and weeds that affect specific turfgrasses.

Examples: insects—army worms, grubs, mole crickets

- diseases—dollar spot, fairy ring

- weeds—crabgrass, annual bluegrass

8.) Differentiate among various types of pesticides.

Examples: preemergence, postemergence, selective and nonselective monosodium methanearsonate (MSMA)

•  Describing techniques for preparing pesticide mixtures
•  Demonstrating safe use of pesticides
9.) Explain mowing heights, frequency of mowing, and patterns of mowing for use on various turfgrasses.

10.) Design a sports field, including dimensions and components.

Examples: football, baseball, soccer, softball

11.) Identify characteristics of various parts of a golf course, including greens, fairways, roughs, traps, and tees.

•  Describing the basic design and layout features of a golf course
Examples: number of greens, number of sand traps, water features, yardage

•  Prescribing maintenance procedures for a golf course
•  Identifying responsibilities of the superintendent, director of grounds, golf professional, marshal, and maintenance crew
12.) Evaluate skills needed to design drainage and irrigation systems.

•  Demonstrating skills needed to install and maintain drainage and irrigation systems
Examples: plumbing, electrical

13.) Identify uses of tools and equipment needed for the maintenance of turfgrasses.

Examples: tools—hand sprayers for applying pesticides, spreaders for applying g fertilizers

- equipment—power mowers for cutting turfgrass, gasoline blowers for removing debris

14.) Demonstrate business-related work ethics.

Examples: following instructions, being on-time, cooperating with others

•  Demonstrating managerial skills for the successful operation of a landscape or turfgrass business
Examples: keeping records, budgeting, pricing, scheduling work, inventorying, purchasing, advertising, handling customer complaints, communicating in oral and written form

15.) Identify advancements in technology that enhance the sports and recreation turfgrass industry.