Courses of Study : English Language Arts

Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
R2. Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
R3. Expand background knowledge and build vocabulary through discussion, reading, and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically for research and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
Literacy Foundations
Oral Language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
1. Actively listen and speak using agreed-upon rules for discussion, with guidance and support.

a. Use speech that is understandable with only grade-appropriate errors.

b. Use word endings to indicate plurals, possessives, and verb tenses in speech.

Examples: dogs, brother's shirt, jumped

c. Use age-appropriate irregular plurals in conversation.

Examples: foot/feet, tooth/teeth, mouse/mice

d. Listen to others and take turns speaking, carrying on a conversation through multiple exchanges.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
2. Actively engage in teacher-led reading experiences and collaborative discussions with peers to build background knowledge needed to be successful as they learn to read and, later, read to learn.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
3. Actively participate in teacher-led choral and shared reading experiences.

Examples: reciting nursery rhymes, songs, poems, stories
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
4. With guidance and support, ask and answer questions to seek help, get information, or clarify information presented orally, through text, or other media.

Example: Use interrogatives who, what, where, when, why, and how to ask questions.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
5. With guidance and support, present information orally, using complete sentences in correct word order.

a. Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

b. Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details in a story with three to five events.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
6. Uses spatial and temporal concepts correctly.

Examples: top/bottom, up/down, under/over, above/below, left/right, upside down/inside out,beginning/middle/end, first/next/last

Note: This is important as children learn to match print to speech in order to read, and speech to print in order to write.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
7. Restate and follow one- and two-step directions.
Concepts of Print
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
8. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of printed materials.

a. Recognize and demonstrate that print conveys meaning.

Examples: Share a favorite book with peers. Share a list of birthday gifts received.

b. With prompting and support, explain the roles of the author and illustrator of a text.

c. Track print, moving left to right and top to bottom on the printed page, returning to the beginning of the next line.

d. Identify the beginning and end of a sentence by locating the capital letter and end punctuation.

e. Point to words using one-to-one correspondence, noting that words are separated by spaces.

f. Distinguish letters from words within sentences.

g. Compare and contrast letters based upon similarities and differences, including name, shape, sound, and approach strokes for writing.
Phonological Awareness/Phonemic Awareness
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
9. Demonstrate early phonological awareness to basic phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.

a. Count the number of words in a spoken sentence.

b. Recognize alliterative spoken words.

c. Recognize and produce pairs of rhyming words and distinguish them from non-rhyming pairs using pictures and/or spoken words.

d. Count, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words, including compound words.

e. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

f. Identify the initial, final, and medial sounds of spoken words.

g. Blend and segment phonemes in single-syllable spoken words made up of three to four phonemes.

h. Distinguish between commonly confused cognate consonant sounds, using knowledge of voiced and unvoiced sounds and manner of articulation.

Examples: /t/ and /d/, /p/ and /b/, /ch/ and /j/, /s/ and /z/, /f/ and /v/, /k/ and /g/, /sh/ and /zh/, /th/ (voiced and unvoiced)

Note: Standard 9 is important as a foundational phonemic awareness skill for all learners.
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
10. Apply knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word-analysis skills to decode and encode (spell) words accurately in both isolation and in decodable, grade-appropriate text.

a. Produce the most frequent sound(s) for each consonant, including x and q, which have two phonemes (sounds).

Examples: x= /ks/ and q=/kw/

b. Identify the vowel in a closed syllable and produce the short vowel sound for the five major vowels when decoding closed syllables.

c. Decode consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words in isolation and in decodable text.

d. Identify the vowel in an open syllable and produce the long vowel sound for the five major vowels when decoding open syllables.

e. With prompting and support, identify the vowel-consonant-e syllable pattern and produce the long vowel sounds for the five major vowels in vowel-consonant-e syllables.

f. With prompting and support, decode words with suffix -s, using knowledge of unvoiced /s/ and voiced /z/ sounds for letter s.

Examples: pups, cats, pigs, dogs

Note: Unvoiced /s/ follows unvoiced sounds such as /p/ and /t/ and voiced /z/ follows voiced sounds such as /g/.

g. With prompting and support, produce the most frequent sound for digraphs ck, sh, th, ch, wh, ng, and combination qu, making the connection that a two-letter grapheme can represent one phoneme (sound).

h. Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the phonemes and graphemes that differ.

Example: mat/sat, pan/pat, tip/top

i. Decode grade-appropriate high frequency words that are spelled using predictable, decodable phoneme-grapheme correspondences.

Examples: am, at, get, like, make, that, this, me, she, be

Note: The main emphasis of a high-frequency word lesson should be on regular correspondences and patterns, noting the high-frequency words with exceptions or oddities and what they are, using specific strategies to help them remember the irregular part of the word. Example: LETRS© heart word strategy
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
11. Recognize and name all upper and lower case letters in non-sequential order with accuracy and automaticity.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
12. Arrange and name letters of the alphabet in sequential order from a to z, with accuracy and automaticity.

Example: Use the alphabet arc to arrange the letters in alphabetical order, then touch and name the letters.

Note: This will help students with alphabetical order requirements in future grades and also facilitate learning of positional words like before/after, initial/final, reversals, and letter naming in general.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
13. With prompting and support, recognize and name digraphs ck, sh, th, ch, wh, ng, and combination qu.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
14. Apply previously-taught phoneme-grapheme correspondences to decodable words with accuracy and automaticity, in and out of context.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
15. Orally read and reread grade-appropriate decodable texts smoothly, accurately, and expressively, at an appropriate rate to support comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
16. Recognize and read grade-appropriate high frequency words with accuracy and automaticity.

Note: As noted in the phonics standards, high-frequency words should be taught with the main emphasis of the lesson being on regular correspondences and patterns within the word. The student should be able to read the word accurately three times in a row on different days to be considered accurate enough to add it to a personal word box, word ring, or fluency folder. Avoid teaching high-frequency words as "sight words" that need to be memorized as a whole word, unless there are no regular correspondences in the word. "Of" is an example of a word with no regular correspondences.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
17. With guidance and support, orally utilize new academic, content-specific, grade-level vocabulary and relate new words to prior knowledge.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
18. Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately.

Example: multiple meaning words such as duck, run, and bat
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
19. Ask and answer questions about unfamiliar words in discussions and/or text.

a. Describe the relationship between words, including relating them to synonyms and antonyms.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
20. Name and sort pictures of objects into categories based on common attributes while relating vocabulary to prior knowledge and building background knowledge.

Examples: apples, oranges, grapes; hammer, nails, screwdriver
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
21. Use new and previously-taught vocabulary to produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.

a. Use previously-taught vocabulary words, including nouns, verbs, and adjectives, in speaking and writing.

b. Use new words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to text.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
22. Use content knowledge built during read-alouds of informational texts by participating in content-specific discussions with peers and/or through drawing or writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
23. With prompting and support, manipulate words and/or phrases to create simple sentences, including declarative and interrogative, to help build syntactic awareness and comprehension at the sentence level.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
24. With prompting and support, identify common types of texts and their features, including literary, informational, fairy tale, and poetry.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
25. With prompting and support, identify the topic of texts, using titles, headings, illustrations, and text clues.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
26. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
27. Identify and describe the main story elements in a literary text.

a. With prompting and support, retell a text orally, including main character(s), setting, and important events in logical order.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
28. With prompting and support, use text clues to determine main ideas and make predictions about an ending in a literary text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
29. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and key details in an informational text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
30. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in literary and informational texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
31. With prompting and support, self-monitor comprehension of text by pausing to summarize and rereading for clarification, when comprehension is lacking.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
32. With prompting and support, compare and contrast two texts.

a. Distinguish between literary texts and informational texts.

b. Compare and contrast the experiences of characters in a literary text.

c. Compare and contrast two informational texts on the same topic.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
33. Express ideas orally and connect these ideas through drawing and emergent writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
34. Print legibly, using proper pencil grip.

a. Print upper and lower case letters using proper approach strokes, letter formation, and line placement.

b. With prompting and support, print first and last names using proper letter formation, capitalizing only the first letter of each name.

Note: In Kindergarten, students are learning the most basic forms of capitalization. While the standard only requires that the first letter of each name be capitalized, some students' names may include additional capital letters, hyphens, or apostrophes. In such cases, students should learn to write their own names using proper capitalization and punctuation.

Examples: De'Andre McGill, Kim Mi-Sun, Juan de Jesus

c. With prompting and support, use lower case letters in majority of written work, using capitals only when appropriate.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
35. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences and spelling rules (or generalizations) to encode words accurately.

a. Encode at the phoneme level, using the most common grapheme/spelling(s), for a spoken phoneme (sound).

Examples: /b/=b, /m/=m, /k/=k, c, -ck

b. With prompting and support, encode vowel-consonant (VC) and consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words, while using some knowledge of basic position-based rules for spelling English words.

Examples: /k/=k before i, e, or y; /k/= c before a, o, u, or any consonant; /k/= -ck after an accented short vowel

c. With prompting and support, encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular phoneme-grapheme correspondences.

Examples: am, at, can, he, we, be, in, it, came, like

d. With prompting and support, encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular phoneme-grapheme correspondences and patterns in all but one position, pointing out the part of the word that does not follow the regular pattern.

Example: In said, /s/ and /d/ are spelled using phoneme-grapheme correspondence, but ai must be learned by heart or memorized.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
36. When speaking and writing, follow the rules of standard English grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and grade-appropriate spelling.

a. With prompting and support, transcribe spoken words to demonstrate that print represents oral language.

b. With prompting and support, compose a simple sentence, including necessary components to create a complete sentence rather than a fragment.

c. With prompting and support, identify the role or purpose of a noun and a verb within a sentence and the type of information it conveys.

d. With prompting and support, write the correct number of words, with proper spacing, for a spoken phrase or sentence.

e. With prompting and support, begin each sentence with a capital letter.

f. With prompting and support, capitalize the pronoun I and names of individuals.

g. With prompting and support, recognize, name, and correctly use end punctuation.

Examples: period, question mark, exclamation mark
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
37. Actively participate in shared and independent writing experiences, for varied purposes and audiences, across different genres.

a. Actively participate in shared writing experiences to create messages, lists, and labels for a drawing or illustration.

b. Actively participate in shared writing experiences to create narratives with the events in chronological order and share feelings about the story, using drawing, dictating, and/or writing.

c. Actively participate in shared writing experiences to create opinion pieces about a topic or text, state the opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide a sense of closure, using drawing, dictating, and/or writing.

d. Actively participate in shared writing experiences to create explanatory texts or provide factual information about a topic, using drawing, dictating, and/or writing.

e. With prompting and support, compose writing for varied purposes and audiences, across different genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
38. Improve pictorial and written presentations, as needed, by planning, revising, editing, and using suggestions from peers and adults.

Examples: Plan by brainstorming; revise to clarify or aid audience's comprehension; edit written presentations to ensure appropriate spacing between letters and words, correct spelling and punctuation, and legibility as a courtesy to the audience and to show pride in one's work.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
39. Participate in shared research and writing projects to answer a question or describe a topic.

a. Include information recalled from personal experiences in research and writing projects.

b. Gather information from provided sources for research and writing projects.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): K
All Resources: 0
40. With guidance and support, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, working both independently and collaboratively with peers.
Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
R2. Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
R3. Expand background knowledge and build vocabulary through discussion, reading, and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically for research and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
Literacy Foundations
Oral Language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
1. Engage in collaborative discussions about topics and texts with peers and adults in small and large groups, utilizing agreed-upon rules.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
2. Actively participate in shared reading experiences and collaborative discussions to build background knowledge and learn how oral reading should sound.

Examples: read-alouds, oral dramatic activities
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
3. Ask and answer questions to seek help, get information, or clarify information to confirm understanding in response to information presented in audible, text, or digital format.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
4. Present information orally using complete sentences and appropriate volume.

a. Orally describe people, places, things, and events, expressing ideas with relevant details.
Concepts of Print
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
5. Locate a book's title, table of contents, glossary, and the names of author(s) and illustrator(s).

a. Explain the roles of author(s) and illustrator(s).
Phonological Awareness/Phonemic Awareness
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
6. Demonstrate basic to advanced phonological and phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.

a. Count, blend, segment, and delete syllables in spoken words, including polysyllabic words.

Examples: par-ti-cu-lar, cer-ti-fi-cate

b. Recognize and produce groups of rhyming words and distinguish them from non-rhyming groups of spoken words.

c. Produce alliterative words.

d. Blend and segment phonemes in single-syllable spoken words made up of three to five phonemes, including words with consonant blends.

e. Add, delete, and substitute phonemes at the beginning or end of spoken words made up of three to five phonemes, and produce the resulting word.

Examples: pan to pant; flight to light; cat to cap

f. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken, single-syllable words.

g. Distinguish between commonly-confused vowel sounds and commonly-confused cognate consonant sounds, using knowledge of mouth position, voiced and unvoiced sounds, and manner of articulation.

Examples: /f/ and /v/, /p/ and /b/, /t/ and /d/, /k/ and /g/, /m/ and /n/, /ng/ and /n/, /s/ and /z/, unvoiced /th/ and voiced /th/, /ch/ and /sh/, /ĕ/ and /ā/, /ĕ/ and /ă/

Note: This is extremely important as a foundational phonemic awareness skill for all learners.

h. Identify the sound substitution in words with five to six phonemes.

Example: strips/straps, square/squire
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
7. Apply knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately both in isolation and within decodable, grade-appropriate texts.

a. Produce the most frequent sound(s) for each letter of the alphabet, including x, q, and the long and short sounds of the vowels.

Examples: x= /ks/; q=/kw/; a=/ă/ and /ā/, s= /s/ and /z/

b. Decode and encode regularly-spelled, one-syllable words with closed syllables, open syllables, and vowel-consonant-e syllables, including words with blends in initial and final position.

Note: Consonant blends should include st-, sm-, sn-, -st, -ft, -lp, sl, cr, cl, tr, dr, nt, nd, mp, and nk, at a minimum.

c. Decode words with digraphs, trigraphs, and combinations, including digraphs ck, sh, th, ch, wh, ph, ng, trigraphs tch and dge, and combination qu.

Note: Some programs/experts call wh a combination, others call it a digraph. Use common language across the school/district.

d. Decode words with a after w read /ä/ and a before l read /â/.

Examples: wash, water, wasp; tall, all, talk, small, fall

e. With prompting and support, decode words with the hard and soft sounds of c and g, in context and in isolation.

Examples: c=/k/ before a, o, u, or any consonant and c= /s/ before i, e, or y; g=/g/before a, o, u, or any consonant and g=/j/ before i, e, or y

f. Decode words with vowel y in the final position of one and two syllable words, distinguishing the difference between the long /ī/ sound in one-syllable words and the long /ē/ sound in two-syllable words, and words with vowel y in medial position, producing the short /ĭ/ sound for these words.

Examples: fly, my; baby, happy; myth, gym

g. Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words with vowel-r syllables, including ar, er, ir, or, and ur.

h. With prompting and support, decode words with common vowel team syllables, including ai, ay, ee, ea, igh, ie, oa, ou, ow, au, aw, oe, oo, ew, oi, oy, and ue.

i. With prompting and support, decode words that follow the -ild, -ost, -old, -olt, and -ind patterns.

Examples: mild, host, fold, jolt, kind

j. With prompting and support, decode two-syllable words using knowledge of closed syllables, open syllables, vowel-consonant-e syllables, vowel-r syllables, common vowel team syllables, and consonant-le syllables, including compound words that fit multiple syllable types.

k. With prompting and support, decode words with silent letter combinations.

Examples: kn, wr, mb, gh, gn

l. With prompting and support, decode words with common prefixes including un-, dis-, in-, re-, pre-, mis-, non-, and ex-.

m. With prompting and support, decode words with common suffixes, including words with dropped e and y-to-i changes for suffix addition.

Examples: -s, -ed, -ing, -es, -er, -est, -en, -y, -ly

n. Decode contractions with am, is, has, and not.

Examples: I'm, he's, she's, isn't, don't

o. Decode grade-appropriate high frequency words that are spelled using predictable, decodable phoneme-grapheme correspondences.

Examples: saw, all, made, can, his, walk, let, open, time
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
8. Apply previously-taught phoneme-grapheme correspondences to decodable words with accuracy and automaticity, in and out of context.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
9. Read grade-appropriate texts with accuracy and fluency.

a. Read and reread grade-appropriate decodable text orally with accuracy and expression at an appropriate rate to support comprehension.

b. Recognize and self-correct decoding and other errors in word recognition and reread for clarification.

c. Participate in poetry reading, noticing phrasing, rhythm, and rhyme.

Example: Pause between stanzas and between lines where punctuation indicates.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
10. Read high-frequency words commonly found in grade-appropriate text.

Note: High-frequency words should be taught with the main emphasis of the lesson being on regular correspondences and patterns within the word. The student should be able to read the word accurately and independently three times in a row on different days to be considered accurate enough to add to a personal word box, word ring, or fluency folder for fluency practice. Avoid teaching high-frequency words as "sight words" that need to be memorized as a whole word, unless there are no regular correspondences in the word. "Of" is an example of a word with no regular correspondences.
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
11. Utilize new academic, content-specific, grade-level vocabulary, make connections to previously learned words, and relate new words to background knowledge.

a. Make connections to a word's structure using knowledge of phonology, morphology, and orthography of the word to aid learning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
12. Ask and answer questions about unfamiliar words and phrases in discussions and/or text.

a. Identify possessives and plurals and use them as clues to the meaning of text.

Example: Jack's coat, mom's car; pigs, pig's, pigs'

b. Identify meaningful parts of words (morphemes) and use them as clues to the meaning of unknown words, including frequently occurring affixes and inflections -s, -es, -ed, -ing, -er, and -est.

Examples: Explain that adding suffix -s changes a singular noun to a plural noun and adding suffix -ed changes a verb to past tense.

c. Describe word relationships and nuances in word meanings, including relating them to their opposites and distinguishing shades of meaning in similar or related words.

Examples: look, peek, glance, stare, glare; big, large, gigantic, monstrous
Act out tiptoe, creep, and march to distinguish shades of meaning in words related to walk.
Discuss synonyms and antonyms.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
13. Use information found within the text to determine the meaning of an unfamiliar or multiple-meaning word or phrase.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
14. Sort and categorize groups of words or pictures based on meaning, and label each category.

Examples: colors, clothes, animals with wings
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
15. Identify and explain adjectives as descriptive words and phrases in all forms of texts, including poems.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
16. Use grade-appropriate academic vocabulary in speaking and writing.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
17. Use content knowledge built during read-alouds of informational and literary texts by participating in content-specific discussions with peers and/or through drawing and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
18. Manipulate words and/or phrases to create simple sentences, including declarative and interrogative, to help build syntactic awareness and comprehension at the sentence level.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
19. Identify common types of texts and their features, including literary, informational, fairy tale, and poetry.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
20. Use text features to locate key facts or information in printed or digital text.

Examples: headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons, bold words, captions, illustrations
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
21. Identify the main topic and key details of literary and informational texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
22. Ask and answer questions about key details in literary and informational texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
23. Identify and describe the main story elements in a literary text.

a. Describe the characters and settings, using illustrations and textual evidence from a story.

b. Retell the plot or sequence of major events in chronological order.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
24. Identify who is telling the story, using evidence from the text.

a. Use the term narrator to refer to the speaker who is telling the story.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
25. Describe connections between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information, including cause and effect, sequence, and problem and solution, in a literary text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
26. With prompting and support, use textual evidence to explain the central message or moral of a literary text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
27. Make predictions using information found within a literary text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
28. Self-monitor comprehension of text by pausing to summarize or rereading for clarification when comprehension is lacking.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
29. Compare and contrast texts.

a. Compare and contrast characters, settings, and major events in literary texts.

b. Describe the connections between individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in an informational text.

c. Point out similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
30. Write legibly, using proper pencil grip.

a. Print upper and lowercase letters fluently, using proper approach strokes, letter formation, and line placement.

b. Print first and last names using proper letter formation, capitalization, and punctuation.

Examples: De'Andre McGill, Kim Mi-Sun, Juan de Jesus, Janie Parker

c. Use lower case letters in the majority of written work, using capitals only when appropriate.

d. Write letters of the English alphabet in alphabetical order from memory.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
31. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences and spelling rules (or generalizations) to encode words accurately.

a. Encode vowel-consonant (VC) and consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words, while using some knowledge of basic position-based rules for spelling English words in closed syllables.

Examples: /k/=k before i, e, or y as in kit; /k/= c before a, o, u, or any consonant as in cup, cat, cop; /k/= -ck after an accented short vowel as in duck, back, rock, pick, deck

b. Encode consonant-vowel (CV) words using knowledge of open syllable patterns.

Examples: he, me, she, go, no

c. Encode words with two-consonant blends in beginning position, including blends that are commonly confused with other spellings, by distinguishing the placement and action of the lips, teeth, and tongue during articulation.

Examples: cl, bl, sl, tr, cr, sk, st, sl, sm, sn, sp, sw, dr, br, bl

Note: Many students spell the tr blend with digraph ch because of the confusion of the coarticulation of the /t/ and /r/ sounds. Many students spell the dr blend with the letter j because of the confusion of the coarticulation of the /d/ and /r/ sounds.

d. Encode words with consonant digraphs using knowledge that one sound may be spelled with two letters.

Examples: sh, th, ch, wh, ng, ck

e. Encode words with vowel-consonant-e syllable patterns.

Examples: hike, spike, joke, dime, make

f. With prompting and support, encode words with the common vowel teams and diphthongs.

Examples: ee, ea, oa, ai, a, au, aw, oi, oy, ou, ow, oo, igh

g. With prompting and support, encode words with vowel-r combinations ar, or, er, ir, and ur.

h. With prompting and support, encode words with final /ch/ sound spelled -ch and -tch.

Examples: /ch/= ch after a consonant, vowel-r, or vowel team as in munch, bunch, porch, smooch
/ch/= tch after a short vowel sound as in
hatch, crutch, ditch

i. With prompting and support, encode words with final /f/, /l/, and /s/ sounds in one-syllable base words by doubling the final consonant when it follows a short vowel sound.
Examples: cliff, hill, pass

j. Encode words with final /v/ sound, using knowledge that no English word ends with a v.

Examples: have, give, save

k. Encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular phoneme-grapheme correspondences.

Examples: am, at, can, he, we, be, in, it, came, like

l. Encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular phoneme-grapheme correspondences and patterns in all but one position, pointing out the part of the word that does not follow the regular pattern.

Examples: said, are, to

m. Encode words with suffixes -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er, and -est.

Examples: dogs, wishes, jumping, jumped, faster, fastest

n. With prompting and support, encode words with common prefixes re-, un-, and mis-.

o. With prompting and support, encode frequently confused homophones, using knowledge of English and meaning to facilitate learning.

Examples: hear/here; for/four; to/too/two.

Note: To is a preposition which begins a prepositional phrase or an infinitive. Too is an adverb meaning "excessively" or "also." Two is a number. Many other words in English which reflect the number two are spelled with tw: twin, twice, between, tweezers.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
32. Follow the rules of standard English grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling appropriate to grade level.

a. Identify the required features of a sentence, including capitalization of the first word and end punctuation.

b. Transcribe spoken words to demonstrate that print represents oral language.

c. Compose a simple sentence, including a subject and a predicate, that expresses a complete thought.

d. With prompting and support, identify the role or purpose of a noun, verb, and adjective within a sentence and describe the type of the information it conveys.

e. Write the correct number of words, with proper spacing, for a spoken phrase or sentence.

f. Begin each sentence with a capital letter.

g. Capitalize the pronoun I and names of individuals.

h. Use commas in dates and words in a series.

i. With prompting and support, recognize, name, and correctly use end punctuation, utilizing appropriate academic vocabulary.

Example: period for declarative sentences, question mark for interrogative sentences, exclamation mark for exclamatory sentences
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
33. Actively participate in shared writing experiences to compose and develop a well-organized paragraph with a topic sentence, details to support, and a concluding sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
34. With prompting and support, write a narrative that recounts two or more appropriately sequenced events using transitions, incorporating relevant details, and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
35. With prompting and support, write an informative or explanatory text about a topic, using facts from a source and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
36. With prompting and support, write an opinion piece about a topic, including at least one supporting reason from a source and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
37. With prompting and support, write simple poems about a chosen subject.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
38. Develop and edit first drafts using appropriate spacing between letters, words, and sentences and left-to-right and top-to-bottom progression.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
39. Improve writing, as needed, by planning, revising, and editing with guidance from peer editors, responding to their questions and suggestions.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
40. Describe ideas, thoughts, and feelings, using adjectives, drawings, or other visual displays to clarify.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
41. Organize a list of words into alphabetical order according to the first and (when necessary) second letters of the words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
42. Participate in shared research and writing projects to answer a question or describe a topic.

a. Recall information from experiences to contribute to shared research and writing projects.

b. Gather information from provided sources.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 1
All Resources: 0
43. Use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing with guidance and support from adults, working both individually and in collaboration with peers.
Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
R2. Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
R3. Expand background knowledge and build vocabulary through discussion, reading, and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically for research and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
Literacy Foundations
Oral Language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
1. Participate in conversations and discussions with groups and peers utilizing agreed-upon rules.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
2. Present information orally using complete sentences, appropriate volume, and clear pronunciation.

a. Use oral language for different purposes: to inform, to entertain, to persuade, to clarify, and to respond.

b. Use complex sentence structures when speaking.

c. Ask and answer questions to seek help, clarify meaning, or get information.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
3. Demonstrate oral literacy skills by participating in a variety of oral language activities.

Examples: creating oral stories, participating in oral dramatic activities, reciting poems and stories
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
4. Orally answer who, what, when, where, why, and how questions about a text or conversation, using complete sentences to provide key ideas and details.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
5. Create recordings of stories or poems.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
6. Use visual aids and technology in oral presentations to present key ideas and details about a text or conversation, and add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify thoughts, feelings, and ideas.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
7. Demonstrate standard English usage when speaking.

a. Use collective nouns.

b. Form and use frequently-occurring irregular plural nouns.

c. Use reflexive pronouns.

d. Form and use past tense forms of frequently-occurring irregular verbs.

e. Use adjectives and adverbs.

f. Produce and expand complete simple and compound sentences when speaking.
Phonological Awareness/Phonemic Awareness
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
8. Apply knowledge of voiced and unvoiced sounds and manner of articulation to distinguish between commonly-confused vowel sounds and commonly-confused cognate consonant sounds.

Examples: /f/ and /v/, /p/ and /b/, /k/ and /g/, /t/ and /d/, /ch/ and /sh/, /ĕ/ and /ĭ/, /ĕ/, and /ă/

Note: This is extremely important as a foundational phonemic awareness skill for all learners.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
9. Demonstrate advanced phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.

a. Add, delete, and substitute phonemes at the beginning, end, or middle of a spoken word made up of up to six phonemes and produce the resulting word.

Examples:
Addition - Say bell. Now say bell, but add /t/ to the end of bell. (belt)
Addition - Say
block. Now say block, but add /t/ to the end of block. (blocked)
Deletion - Say
fin. Now say fin, but don't say /f/. (in)
Deletion - Say
range. Now say range, but don't say /j/. (rain)
Substitution - Say
strap. Now say strap, but change /a/ to /i/. (strip)
Substitution - Say
bleed. Now say bleed, but change the /ē/ to /ā/. (blade)

b. Delete the initial sound in an initial blend in a one-syllable base word.

Example: Say prank. Now say prank, but don't say /p/. (rank)

c. With prompting and support, delete the medial and final sounds in blends in one syllable base words.

Examples: Say snail. Now say snail, but don't say /n/. (sail)
Say
wind. Now say wind, but don't say /d/. (win)

d. Apply phoneme chaining that changes only one sound at a time to show addition, deletion, substitution, and resequencing of sounds from one word to the next.

Examples: bit, bet, bat; sat, sit; pit, pat

e. With prompting and support, reverse sounds within a word by saying the last sound first and the first sound last.

Examples: fine, knife; cat, tack; park, carp
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
10. Apply knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, and syllable division principles to decode and encode (spell) words accurately in isolation and in context.

a. Decode multisyllabic words with common syllable patterns, including open/closed, vowel-r, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, consonant-le, and schwa syllables.

b. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to decode grade-appropriate multisyllabic words.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; rab-bit, o-pen, cab-in, li-on

c. Decode and encode words with three-consonant blends and blends containing digraphs.

d. Decode and encode words with consonant digraphs, trigraphs, and combinations.

Examples: qu, sh, ch, th, ph, wh, tch, dge

e. Decode and encode words with variable vowel teams and vowel diphthongs.

Examples: oi, oy; ou, ow; au, aw; oo, ew, ue; ee, ea; igh, ie; ai, ay

f. Decode and encode words with vowel-r combinations.

Examples: ar, air, are, ear, eer, er, ere, eir, ir, or, oar, ore, our, ur

g. Decode and encode words that follow the -ild, -ost, -old, -olt, and -ind patterns.

Examples: wild, most, cold, colt, mind

h. Decode and encode words with a after w read /ä/ and a before l read /â/.

Examples: wash, water, wasp; tall, all, talk, small, fall

i. Decode and encode words with or after w read /er/.

Examples: world, word, worm, worst, work

j. Decode and encode words with the hard and soft sounds of c and g, in context and in isolation.

Examples: c=/k/ before a, o, u, or any consonant and c= /s/ before i, e, or y
g=/g/ before a, o, u, or any consonant and g=/j/ before i, e, or y

k. Decode and encode words with vowel y in the final position of one and two syllable words, distinguishing the difference between the long /ī/ sound in one-syllable words and the long /ē/ sound in two-syllable words, and words with vowel y in medial position, producing the short /ĭ/ sound for these words.

Examples: fly, my; baby, happy; myth, gym

l. Decode words with silent letter combinations.

Examples: kn, mb, gh

m. Decode and encode words with prefixes and suffixes, including words with dropped e and y-to-i changes for suffix addition.

Examples: pro-, trans-, non-, mid-; -ful, -less, -ness, -ed, ing, -es, -er, -est, -en, -y, -ly

n. Decode and encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that are spelled using predictable, decodable phoneme-grapheme correspondences, including those that contain only one irregularity.

Examples: decodable - number, way, my, than, word
decodable except for one irregularity - other (o is schwa), from- (o is schwa)
what - (a is schwa or short o depending on dialect)

o. Decode and encode contractions with am, is, has, not, have, would, and will.

Examples: I'm, he's, she's, isn't, don't, I've, he'd, they'll
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
11. Apply previously-taught phoneme-grapheme correspondences to multisyllabic words with accuracy and automaticity, in and out of context.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
12. Read and reread grade-appropriate text accurately, automatically, and with meaningful expression at a rate which supports comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
13. Read grade-appropriate poetry, noticing phrasing, rhythm, and rhyme.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
14. Read high-frequency words commonly found in grade-appropriate text.


Note: High-frequency words should be taught with the main emphasis of the lesson being on regular correspondences and patterns within the word. The student should be able to read the word accurately three times in a row on different days to be considered accurate enough to add to a personal word box, word ring, or fluency folder for fluency practice. Avoid teaching high-frequency words as "sight words" that need to be memorized as a whole word, unless there are no regular correspondences in the word. "Of" is an example of a word with no regular correspondences.
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
15. Utilize new academic, content-specific, grade-level vocabulary, making connections to previously learned words and relating new words to background knowledge.

a. Make connections to a word's structure using knowledge of phonology, morphology, and orthography of the word to aid learning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
16. Describe word relationships and nuances in word meanings, including relating them to their opposites and distinguishing shades of meaning in similar or related words.

a. Use knowledge of antonyms and synonyms.

b. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs and adjectives.

Examples: Act out jog, gallop, and sprint to distinguish shades of meaning in words related to run.
pretty, beautiful, gorgeous; tiny, small, petite

c. Use knowledge of homophones to determine use of the correct word.

d. With prompting and support, interpret figurative language.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
17. Analyze meaningful parts of words and phrases in discussions and/or text.

a. Identify possessives and plurals and use them as clues to the meaning of text.

Example: girl's dress; boys' game; cats, cat's, cats'; houses, house's shutters

b. Identify meaningful parts of words (morphemes) and use them as clues to the meaning of unknown words, including base words, compound words, and frequently occurring affixes and inflections.

Examples: -less, -ful, -est

Note: Adding suffix -est changes an adjective to a superlative adjective; adding suffix -ful changes the part of speech.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
18. Use dictionary definitions and information found within the text to help determine meaning of unfamiliar or multi-meaning words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
19. Identify new vocabulary and the use of word meanings in text to establish real-life connections.
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
20. Use grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary to gain meaning from text.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
21. Use grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary in writing.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
22. Use content knowledge built during read-alouds and independent reading of informational and literary texts by participating in content-specific discussions with peers and/or through writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
23. Identify the main story elements in a literary text.

a. Explain the plot of a narrative, using textual evidence to list the major events in sequence.

b. Describe the characters' traits, feelings, and behaviors in a story.

c. Describe the setting of a narrative, using textual evidence.

d. Identify the central message or moral of a story.

e. Identify the theme in myths, fables, and folktales.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
24. Identify the main idea and supporting details of literary and informational texts.

a. Explain how the supporting details contribute to the main idea.

b. Recount or summarize key ideas from the text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
25. Identify and use various text features to locate ideas, facts, or supporting details in both written and digital formats.

a. Identify and locate captions, bold print, subheadings, indexes, graphs, maps, glossaries, and illustrations.

b. Explain how specific features can clarify a text or enhance comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
26. Compare and contrast important details presented by two texts on the same topic or theme.

a. Compare and contrast different versions of the same story by different authors, from different cultures, or from different points of view.

Examples: The Three Little Pigs and The True Story of the Three Little Pigs; Cinderella and The Rough-Face Girl

b. Compare and contrast story elements of literary texts.

Examples: characters, settings, sequence of events, plots
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
27. Identify the text structures within literary and informational texts, including cause and effect, problem and solution, and sequence of events.
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
28. Establish a purpose before reading literary and informational texts to enhance comprehension.

Examples: for pleasure, to identify main idea, to gather information or facts on a topic
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
29. With prompting and support, identify and interpret various cohesive devices that help link words and sentences to one another within the text as a scaffold to help build comprehension at the sentence and paragraph level.

Examples: pronoun references, word substitution using synonyms, conjunctions
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
30. Read and comprehend literary and informational texts.

a. State and confirm predictions about a text.

b. Use background knowledge to make connections to new text.

c. Draw conclusions based on the text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
31. Use information from a text to determine the author's purpose in different forms of informational and literary texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
32. Identify rhyme schemes in poems or songs.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
33. Read and identify types of poems, including free verse, rhymed verse, haiku, and limerick.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
34. Differentiate between fact and opinion in a text.

a. Use prior knowledge and information gathered from research to evaluate opinions in texts.

b. Use textual evidence and gathered research from reliable sources to prove facts.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
35. Demonstrate listening skills and build background knowledge by asking and answering questions about texts read aloud.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
36. Manipulate words and/or phrases to create simple and compound sentences, including coordinating conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so, to help build syntactic awareness and comprehension at the sentence level.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
37. Write legibly.

a. Write words and sentences fluently using correctly-formed manuscript letters with appropriate size and spacing.

b. Demonstrate cursive writing strokes, including undercurve, overcurve, downcurve, and slant.

c. Form uppercase and lowercase letters in cursive.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
38. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, syllable division principles, and spelling rules (or generalizations) to encode words accurately.

a. Encode grade-appropriate multisyllabic words using knowledge of syllable types, including open, closed, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, vowel-r, and consonant-le.

b. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to encode grade-appropriate words correctly.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; rab-bit, o-pen, cab-in, di-et

c. Encode words with final /v/ and /j/ sounds using knowledge that no English word ends with a, v, or j.

Examples: have, give, save; cage, rage, budge, lodge

d. Encode one- and two-syllable words with long and short vowel patterns.

e. Encode words with two- and three-consonant blends, including those containing digraphs.

Examples: st, sm, sn, sl, cl, dr, br, bl, str, scr, thr, squ, spl, spr

f. Encode words with consonant digraphs, trigraphs, and combinations.

Examples: ph, gh, ch, sh, wh, th, ng, tch, dge, qu

g. Encode words with the common vowel teams, including diphthongs.

Examples: ai, ay, ea, ee, ei, igh, oa, ow, ou, ue, ew, eigh

h. Encode words with vowel-r combinations.

Examples: ar, or, ir, er, ur, air, ear, oar

i. Encode words that follow the -ild, -ost, -old, -olt, and -ind patterns.

Examples: wild, cold, most, colt, mind

j. Encode words with a after w read /ä/ and a before l read /â/.

Examples: wash, water, wasp; tall, all, talk, small, fall

k. Encode words with or after w read /er/.

Examples: world, word, worm, worst, work

l. Encode words with hard and soft c and g.

Examples: carry, cent; game, giraffe

m. Encode words with vowel y in the final position of one and two syllable words, distinguishing the difference between the long /ī/ sound in one-syllable words and the long /ē/ sound in two-syllable words, and words with vowel y in medial position, producing the short /ĭ/ sound for these words.

Examples: fly, my; baby, happy; myth, gym

n. Encode words with prefixes and suffixes, including words with dropped e and y-to-i changes for suffix addition.

Examples: pro-, trans-, non-, mid-, -ful, -less, -ness, -ed, ing, -es, -er, -est, -en, -y, -ly

o. Encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that are spelled using predictable, decodable phoneme-grapheme correspondences, including those that contain only one irregularity.

Examples: decodable - number, way, my, than, word
decodable except for one irregularity - other (o is schwa); from- (o is schwa);
what- (a is schwa or short o depending on dialect)

p. Encode contractions with am, is, has, not, have, would, and will, using apostrophes appropriately.

Examples: I'm, he's, she's, isn't, don't, I've, he'd, they'll

q. Encode frequently confused homophones accurately, using knowledge of English orthography and meaning to facilitate learning.

Examples: their/they're/there; eight/ate; cent/scent/sent
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
39. Organize a list of words into alphabetical order according to first, second, and third letters.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
40. Write a personal or fictional narrative using a logical sequence of events, including details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
41. Write informative or explanatory texts, introducing the topic, providing facts and relevant details to develop points, and providing a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
42. Write an opinion piece about a topic or text with details to support the opinion, using transitional words and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
43. Write complete sentences demonstrating knowledge of punctuation conventions.

a. Utilize commas with words in a series in a sentence.

b. Use apostrophes to form contractions and possessives.

Examples: contractions with am, is, has, not (I'm, she's, don't)

c. Use punctuation to set off interjections.

d. Expand sentences using frequently-occurring conjunctions.

Examples: because, so, but
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
44. With prompting and support, compose and develop a well-organized paragraph with a topic sentence, details to support, and a concluding sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
45. Demonstrate understanding of standard English language conventions when writing.

a. Identify the role of a noun, verb, adjective, and adverb within a sentence and explain the type of the information it conveys.

b. Form regular nouns and verbs by adding -s or -es.

c. Form and use simple present and past verb tenses.

d. Form plurals by changing -y to -ies.

e. Form and use frequently-occurring irregular plural nouns and verbs.

f. Use plural possessives.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 2
All Resources: 0
46. Gather and use research to answer questions to complete a research product.

a. Create topics of interest for a research project.

b. Create questions to gather information for a research project.

c. Find information from a variety of sources.

Examples: books, magazines, newspapers, digital media

d. Define plagiarism and explain the importance of using their own words.
Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
R2. Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
R3. Expand background knowledge and build vocabulary through discussion, reading, and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically for research and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
Literacy Foundations
Oral Language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
1. Contribute meaningful ideas to discussions with groups and peers utilizing agreed upon rules.

a. Elaborate on responses in conversations and discussions.

Examples: use precise, descriptive language; build upon previously expressed ideas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
2. Present information orally using complex sentence structures, appropriate volume, and clear pronunciation.

a. Use oral language for different purposes: to inform, to entertain, to persuade, to clarify, and to respond.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
3. Apply oral literacy skills by participating in a variety of oral language activities.

Examples: plays, dramas, choral readings, oral reports
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
4. Ask and answer questions using complete sentences and grade-level vocabulary.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
5. Express ideas, opinions, and feelings orally in a logical sequence clearly, accurately, and precisely, using appropriate volume, clear pronunciation, and standard English grammar.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
6. Use digital tools to enhance oral presentations, working collaboratively.
Phonological Awareness/Phonemic Awareness
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
7. Demonstrate advanced phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.

a. Delete phonemes in initial and final blends of a spoken word.

Examples: Say smoke. Now say smoke, but don't say /m/. (soak)
Say best. Now say best, but don't say /s/. (bet)

b. Substitute phonemes in initial and final blends in a spoken word.

Examples: Say sweep. Now say sweep, but change the /w/ to /l/. (sleep) Say list. Now say list, but change the /s/ to /f/. (lift)

c. Reverse phonemes in a spoken word.

Examples: Say safe. Now say safe but say the last sound first and the first sound last. (face)
Say slack. Now say slack but say the last sound first and the first sound last. (class)

d. In a series of words, apply phoneme chaining that changes only one sound at a time to show addition, deletion, substitution and resequencing of sounds from one word to the next.

Examples: sap, lap, lip, slip, slit, lit; gob, cob, cub, cup, cap; train, rain, lane, lame, blame

e. Use knowledge of syllable and affix substitution and deletion to demonstrate morphological changes.

Examples: Say photograph. Change graph to cell. (photocell)
Say anytime. Change time to where. (anywhere)
Say blocked. Change /t/ to /ing/. (blocking)
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
8. Apply knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, and syllable division principles to decode and encode (spell) words accurately in isolation and in context.

a. Decode multisyllabic words with common syllable patterns, including open/closed, vowel-r, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, consonant-le, and odd or schwa syllables.

b. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to decode grade-appropriate multisyllabic words.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; com-mit-ment, e-vent, ev-er-y, po-et

c. Decode and encode words with three-consonant blends, digraphs, trigraphs, quadrigraph eigh, combinations, diphthongs, and silent letter combinations.

Examples: spl-, str-, scr-, squ-; th, sh, ch, ck, ph; tch, dge, igh; er, ir, ar, or; oi, oy, ou, ow; kn, gn, mb, wr, gh

d. Decode and encode words with graphemes that represent multiple sound-symbol correspondences by applying knowledge of most common to least common frequency.

Examples: y can be read /y/ in yet, /ē/ in candy, /ī/ in fly
digraph ch can be read /ch/ in chair, /sh/ in chef, and /k/ in school
diphthong ow is read /ou/ in cow, but digraph ow is read /ō/ in snow

e. Decode and encode multisyllabic words using knowledge of stress or accent to pronounce a word correctly, including the schwa sound when appropriate.

Examples: the noun con'/vict vs. the verb con/vict'; the noun pro'/duce vs. the verb pro/duce'

f. Decode and encode words using knowledge of the morphological structure of a word, including prefixes, suffixes, and roots.

Examples: fore-, anti-, post-, sub-; -ment, -hood, -er, -or; port, ject, form, dict

g. Decode and encode contractions with am, is, has, not, have, would, and will.

Examples: I'm, he's, she's, isn't, don't, I've, he'd, they'll

h. Decode and encode frequently confused homophones accurately using knowledge of English and meaning to facilitate learning.

Examples: hear/here; night/knight; tacks/tax

i. Decode and encode words with hard and soft c and g.

j. Decode and encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular and irregular phoneme-grapheme correspondences, using knowledge of the specific sound-symbol correspondences that are irregular.
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
9. Apply previously-taught phoneme-grapheme correspondences to multisyllabic words with accuracy and automaticity, in and out of context.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
10. Read and reread grade-appropriate text accurately, automatically, and with meaningful expression at a rate which supports comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
11. Read and reread grade-appropriate poetry, practicing phrasing, rhythm, rhyme, and meaningful expression.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
12. Read high-frequency words commonly found in grade-appropriate text accurately and automatically.

Note: High-frequency words should be taught with the main emphasis of the lesson being on regular correspondences and patterns within the word. The student should be able to read the word accurately three times in a row on different days to be considered accurate enough to add to a personal word box, word ring, or fluency folder. Avoid teaching high-frequency words as "sight words" that need to be memorized as a whole word, unless there are no regular correspondences in the word. "Of" is an example of a word with no regular correspondences
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
13. Utilize new academic, content-specific, grade-level vocabulary to make connections to previously learned words and relate new words to background knowledge.

a. Make connections to a word's structure using knowledge of phonology, morphology, and orthography of the word to aid learning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
14. Describe word relationships and nuances in word meanings, including relating them to their opposites and distinguishing shades of meaning in similar or related words, including nouns, verbs, and adjectives.

a. Determine meaning of words using synonyms in context.

b. Determine meaning of words using antonyms as a clue.

c. Describe the similarities and differences between related words.

d. Use knowledge of homophones to determine appropriate use of words.

e. Interpret figurative language.

f. Identify relationships and nuances in word meanings to determine real-life connections between words and their use.
Examples: Discuss relationships in words related to home (house, residence, habitat) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to bad (terrible, awful, horrible) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to talk (yell, scream, bellow) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
15. Analyze meaningful parts (morphemes) of words and phrases in discussions and/or text.

a. Identify meaningful parts of words (morphemes) and use them as clues to the meaning of unfamiliar words, including base words, roots, and frequently occurring affixes and inflections.

Examples: affixes -less, -ful, pro-, trans- ; roots aqua, cent, port, form, ject, spect, dict, tend, fer

b. Apply knowledge of the changes in tense (-ed), number (-s), and degree (-er and -est) signified by inflected endings to determine the meaning of a word.

c. Identify common and derivational prefixes and suffixes and use them as clues to a word's meaning.

Examples: pre-, re-, mis-; -ly, -less, -ful, -able, -ment

d. Identify common Latin and Greek roots and use them to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.

e. Sort words with shared and varied suffixes by parts of speech.
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
16. Use knowledge of grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary to gain meaning from text.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
17. Use grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary in writing.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
18. Demonstrate content knowledge built during independent reading of informational and literary texts by participating in content-specific discussions with peers and/or through writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
19. Determine the explicit or implied main idea and supporting details of a text.

a. Explain how supporting details contribute to the main idea, using textual evidence.

b. Recount or summarize the key ideas from the text.

English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
20. Establish a purpose before reading literary and informational texts to enhance comprehension, including identifying background knowledge and generating questions about the topic or characters.

Examples: reading for pleasure, application, or information; to identify a theme or an author's purpose
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
21. Identify and interpret various cohesive devices that link words and sentences to one another within the text.

Examples: pronoun references, conjunctions, word substitution using synonyms

Note: Working with cohesive devices is a scaffold to building comprehension at both sentence and paragraph levels.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
22. Describe literary elements within a story, including setting, plot, characters, and themes.

a. Describe in detail the characters' behavior, emotions, and traits and explain how their actions influence events in the story.

b. Explain how the characters' actions and dialogue contribute to the meaning of the story.

c. Identify the central message, theme, or moral in a story, including myths, fables, and folktales, and explain the meaning conveyed in the passage.

d. Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots from two texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
23. Identify and use text features in informational passages to locate information.

Examples: headings, photographs, illustrations, labels, charts, graphs, legends

a. Explain how text features support details in the text.

b. Explain how illustrations contribute to meaning in a story.

c. Interpret text features used in written and digital formats.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
24. Identify the text structures within literary and informational texts.

a. Explain how the structures, including comparison and contrast, sequence of events, problem and solution, and cause and effect, contribute to the meaning of the text, using textual evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
25. Identify statements in informational texts as facts or opinions.

a. Use prior knowledge and/or details from the text to distinguish fact from opinion.

b. Use information gathered from research to evaluate opinions.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
26. Use text comparisons (text to text, text to self, and text to world) to make meaning.

a. Use prior knowledge to determine similarities between texts they are reading and texts they have previously read.

b. Compare different versions of the same story.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
27. Read prose, poetry, and dramas, identifying the literary devices used by the author to convey meaning.

Examples: personification, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, symbolism, metaphor, simile
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
28. Identify the narration of a literary text as first person or third person.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
29. Determine the main idea of a text read aloud or information presented in an audible format.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
30. Manipulate words and/or phrases to create compound sentences, including coordinating conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, or so, and complex sentences to help build syntactic awareness and comprehension at the sentence level.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
31. Write legibly in cursive with connected, correctly-formed letters and appropriate spacing between words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
32. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, syllable division rules, and spelling rules (or generalizations) to encode words accurately.

a. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to encode multisyllabic words.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; com-mit-ment, e-vent, ev-er-y, po-et

b. Encode multisyllabic words, using common syllable patterns: open/closed, vowel-r, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, consonant-le, and odd or schwa syllables.

c. Encode words with two and three letter blends and previously taught digraphs, trigraphs, combinations, diphthongs, quadrigraph eigh, vowel y, hard and soft c and g, silent letter combinations, and contractions.

d. Encode words with less common prefixes, suffixes, and common Latin roots.

Examples: prefixes: fore-, pro-, intra-, inter-, trans-, non-, over-, sub-, super-, semi-, anti-, mid-, ex-, post-
suffixes: -y, -ly, -ful, -ment, -hood, -less, -ness, -er, -or, -en
Latin roots: port, form, ject, spect, dict, tend, fer

e. Encode frequently confused homophones accurately, using context to determine correct spelling.

Examples: hear/here; night/knight; tacks/tax
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
33. Write personal or fictional narratives with a logical plot (sequence of events), characters, transitions, and a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
34. Write informative or explanatory texts about a topic using sources, including an introduction, facts, relevant details with elaboration, and a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
35. Write an argument to convince the reader to take an action or adopt a position, using an introduction, logical reasoning supported by evidence from various sources, and a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
36. Demonstrate knowledge of the rules of standard English grammar including punctuation, capitalization, sentence formation, and spelling appropriate for third grade.

a. Use articles a, an, and the correctly.

b. Identify the role of a noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, and conjunction within a sentence and explain the type of the information it conveys.

c. Form plural nouns, verbs, and possessives, including irregular plural nouns and verbs.

d. Use simple abbreviations, including days of the week, months of the year, titles, units of metric and customary measurement, street names, and state names.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
37. Compose simple, compound, and complex sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.

a. Identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.

b. Identify the subject and predicate of a sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
38. Compose and develop a well-organized paragraph with a topic sentence, details to support, and a concluding sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
39. Gather and evaluate information about a topic from a variety of sources, including digital sources, and utilize it to create a project, report, or presentation.

a. Avoid plagiarism by using their own words and utilizing digital sources ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
40. Use grade-level and domain-appropriate vocabulary in writing.

a. Use specific vocabulary to develop a story.

b. Use specific vocabulary to explain or inform on a topic.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
41. Use words and phrases in writing for effect and elaboration.

a. Use transition words and phrases for sentence variety.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
42. Write poetry or prose in response to visual images to interpret their meanings.
Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R2. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R3. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically when researching and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R4. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R5. Identify and explain literary devices in prose and poetry.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
R6. Assess the formality of occasions in order to speak or write using appropriate language and tone.
Literacy Foundations
Phonics
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
1. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences, syllable types, and morphological structure to read unfamiliar multisyllabic words accurately, both in context and in isolation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
2. Determine and use the correct syllable type(s) to decode unfamiliar multisyllabic words, including open, closed, vowel-consonant-e, r-controlled, vowel team (including diphthongs), consonant-le, and "leftovers" including odd and schwa syllables.

Examples: dam-age, ac-tive, na-tion
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
3. Apply knowledge of roots, prefixes, and suffixes to decode unfamiliar multisyllabic words.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
4. Apply knowledge of roots, prefixes, and suffixes to encode unfamiliar multisyllabic words.
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
5. Demonstrate fluency when reading grade-level text and when responding through writing or speaking.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
6. Read grade-level text orally with appropriate pauses, phrasing, stress, intonation, rate, and integration to support comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
7. Read words with irregular and regular spelling patterns accurately and automatically.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
8. Write routinely and independently in response to text.
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
9. Accurately interpret general academic and domain-specific words and phrases.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
10. Interpret words and phrases, including figurative language, as they are used in a text.

a. Explain how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

b. Explain how figurative language contributes to the meaning of text, including simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification, hyperbole, and idioms.

c. Use the relationships between synonyms, antonyms, and homographs to increase understanding of word meanings.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
11. Use commonly misused words correctly in writing.

Examples: accept/except; effect/affect; racket/racquet; its/it's; your/you're; our/are; quiet/quit/quite
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
12. Consult reference materials to find the pronunciation of unknown words and phrases.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
13. Use grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in presentations and discussions.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
14. Demonstrate comprehension of literary and informational text by utilizing its content when discussing or writing in response to the text.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
15. Analyze in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.

a. Identify and explain attitudes and influences of multiple characters within a text.

b. Explain how the main character changes throughout the story, using explicit evidence from the text.

c. Make an inference about a character's behavior, the setting, and/or specific events, using explicit details from the story.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
16. Describe how authors use literary devices and text features to convey meaning in prose, poetry, and drama.

a. Identify clues in the text to recognize implicit meanings.

b. Apply prior knowledge to textual clues to draw conclusions about the author's meaning.

c. Make an inference about the meaning of a text and support it with textual evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
17. Identify the narrator's point of view in a literary text and explain how it differs from a character's perspective.

a. Explain the difference between first person and third person narration, including omniscient and third person limited.

b. State an opinion of the author's use of narration, supporting reasoning with examples from the text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
18. Identify the point of view in a narrative and describe how the narrative would be different if told from the perspective of a different character or narrator.

a. Compare and contrast firsthand and secondhand accounts of the same event or topic, describing the differences in focus and the information provided.

b. Compare the perspectives of different characters within a text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
19. Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

a. Determine and state an implied theme, explicit theme, or life lesson from a myth, story, or other traditional literature.

b. Analyze a common or shared theme and its development in stories, myths, and/or other traditional literature.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
20. Use details and examples from a text to indicate what the text explicitly states.

a. Interpret facts from an informational article, using details and examples from the text to explain the interpretation.

b. List the main questions answered by an informational article.

c. Categorize statements in an article or other informational text as fact or opinion and give reasons for each choice.

d. Explain the differences between primary and secondary sources, giving examples from texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
21. Explain how relevant details support the implied or explicit main idea of a text.

a. Determine the central idea or theme of a text.

b. Explain the difference between implied and explicit details.

c. Summarize the key supporting details by citing evidence from a text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
22. Analyze events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in informational texts, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

a. Cite evidence to explain the author's perspective toward a topic in an informational text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
23. Evaluate how text features and structures contribute to the meaning of an informational text.

a. Identify and describe the structures within a text, including description, comparison and contrast, sequence, problem and solution, and cause and effect.

b. Interpret information from text features in both print and digital formats.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
24. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points and claims in an informational text or argument.

a. Make text-based inferences to determine possible reasons for an author's stance.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
25. Explain how the form of a poem contributes to its meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
26. Analyze how rhythm and rhyme in poetry contribute to meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
27. Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
28. Write clear and coherent responses to texts, using explicit or implicit evidence that supports a particular point.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
29. Add audio recordings to presentations, when appropriate, to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
30. Synthesize information on a topic in order to write or speak knowledgeably about the subject.

a. Make complex inferences within and across texts to determine the importance of information.

b. Use evidence to explain information across texts including different perspectives and/or points of view.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
31. Orally paraphrase portions of a text or information presented in diverse media when collaborating and/or presenting.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
32. Respond in writing to literature and informational text, including stories, dramas, poetry, and cross-curricular texts, both independently and with support, demonstrating grade-level proficiency.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
33. Use research to produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

a. Introduce a research topic clearly and group related ideas.

b. Integrate and cite evidence to present research findings in written form.

c. Paraphrase portions of texts or information presented in diverse media and formats.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
34. Write fluently and legibly in cursive, using correctly formed letters with appropriate spacing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
35. Write personal or fictional narratives using a logical plot, transitional words and phrases, sensory details, and dialogue, and providing a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
36. Write informative or explanatory text about a topic using sources, incorporating academic vocabulary, and including an introduction, facts, details with elaboration, and a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
37. Write an argument to persuade the reader to take an action or adopt a position, using an introduction, logical reasoning supported by evidence from relevant sources, and linking words to connect their argument to the evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
38. Compose complete sentences with correct subject-verb agreement, punctuation, and usage.

a. Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns.

Example: a small red bag rather than a red small bag

b. Form and use prepositional phrases and conjunctions.

c. Recognize and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.

d. Use commas, apostrophes, and quotation marks correctly.

e. Use correct capitalization, including familial relations and proper adjectives.

f. Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
39. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage.

a. Use relative pronouns who, whose, which, and that, relative adverbs where, when, and how, and irregular possessive nouns.

b. Form and use the progressive verb tenses.

Examples: I was walking, I am walking

c. Use modal auxiliaries to convey various conditions.

Examples: can, may, must
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
40. Compose friendly and formal letters using appropriate elements, including date, greeting, body, and a signature.

a. Write return address and mailing address in the proper locations on an envelope.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
41. Present an opinion orally, sequencing ideas logically and using relevant facts.

a. Express appropriate and meaningful responses to questions posed by others.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 4
All Resources: 0
42. Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes, and speaking clearly with adequate volume, appropriate pacing, and clear pronunciation.

a. Articulate ideas, claims, and perspectives in a logical sequence, presenting information, findings, and credible evidence from multiple sources and modalities to enhance listeners' understanding.
Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R2. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R3. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically when researching and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R4. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R5. Identify and explain literary devices in prose and poetry.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
R6. Assess the formality of occasions in order to speak or write using appropriate language and tone.
Literacy Foundations
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
1. Apply phonics and word analysis skills to encode and decode words in grade-level texts.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
2. Use combined knowledge of letter-sound correspondences, appropriate blending, syllabication patterns, morphology, and word attack skills to read unfamiliar multisyllabic, grade-level words accurately in context and in isolation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
3. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
4. Write familiar and unfamiliar multisyllabic, grade-level appropriate words accurately in context and in isolation.
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
5. Demonstrate fluency when independently reading, writing, and speaking in response to grade-level literary and informational text, including stories, dramas, poetry, and cross-curricular texts.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
6. Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, automaticity, appropriate prosody or expression, purpose, and understanding, self-correcting and rereading as necessary.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
7. Write routinely and independently for varied amounts of time.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
8. Orally present information and original ideas clearly.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
9. Express ideas clearly and effectively to diverse partners or groups.

a. Pose and respond to explicit questions in ways that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others.

b. Verbally summarize information read aloud or presented in diverse media and formats.

c. Report orally on a topic or text, sequencing ideas logically and supporting main ideas with appropriate facts and relevant details.

d. Speak clearly at an understandable rate.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
10. Respond directly to specific information shared by others in classroom discussion, using facts to support the ideas being discussed.

a. Review the key ideas expressed and draw conclusions in light of information and knowledge gained from discussion.
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
11. Acquire and use grade-level vocabulary, clarifying the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases in text, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
12. Interpret the meaning of words, phrases, and patterns as they are used in texts, including domain-specific and academic vocabulary and figurative language.

a. Locate similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and idioms and interpret their meanings in context.

b. Explain the meanings of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

c. Use the relationships between synonyms, antonyms, and homographs to increase understanding of word meanings.

d. Explain how an author's vocabulary and style influence the tone and mood of a text and support his/her purpose for writing.

e. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meanings of words.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
13. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
14. Write using grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases accurately, including those that signal contrasting ideas, additional information, and other logical relationships.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
15. Use grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases during presentations and discussion.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
16. Demonstrate comprehension of varied literary and informational texts by utilizing its content when discussing or writing in response to the text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
17. Demonstrate comprehension of text by asking and responding to questions about literary elements used in the text.

Examples: theme, plot, point of view
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
18. Explain the relationships among events, people, or concepts in informational texts, supported by textual evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
19. Interpret how authors use literary elements throughout a text, including character, setting, conflict, dialogue, and point of view.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
20. Explain how the author's use of character types throughout a narrative helps drive its plot.

Examples: static, dynamic, and stock characters
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
21. Compare and contrast characters, points of view, or events in two or more literary texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
22. Determine the implied and/or explicit main idea in literary and informational texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
23. Determine and analyze themes of various culturally-diverse literary texts, supporting analysis with textual evidence.

a. Analyze common themes of diverse texts with support from textual evidence.

b. Summarize a story or drama, describing how the plot unfolds and how characters respond to challenges or change their thoughts and actions and citing textual evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
24. Determine and evaluate the effectiveness of digital and print text features and structures, including comparison and contrast, problem and solution, and cause and effect.

a. Identify various text features used in diverse forms of text.

b. Compare and contrast the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in multiple texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
25. Determine credibility and appropriateness of a research source by distinguishing between fact and the author's opinion in informational text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
26. Analyze how two or more texts address similar topics in diverse media and formats, including graphics, live and/or recorded performances, and written works.

a. Explain how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the overall meaning and tone of a text.

b. Compare and contrast the approaches to theme in several stories within a genre.

c. Locate information quickly within a text and apply information from multiple sources to analysis of the topics.

d. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

e. Compare the approaches of several authors of articles about the same or similar topics.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
27. Review the key ideas expressed in a text and draw conclusions, using facts to support them.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
28. Use audio and/or visual sources of information to obtain the answer to a question.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
29. Summarize in writing a variety of texts, stating their implied and/or explicit main ideas.

a. Use textual evidence to support summarization.

b. Cite appropriately when summarizing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
30. Quote literary and informational texts accurately to support conclusions and inferences drawn from them.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
31. Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to enhance the development of main ideas or themes when appropriate.

Examples: graphics, sounds
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
32. Respond in writing to literature and informational text, including stories, dramas, poetry, and cross-curricular texts, independently and with grade-level proficiency.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
33. Write fluently and legibly in cursive, using correctly formed letters with appropriate spacing and placing text elements correctly on the page.

Examples: headings, titles, paragraph indentions
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
34. Write personal or fictional narratives incorporating literary elements (characters, plot, setting, conflict), dialogue, strong voice, and clear event sequences.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
35. Write informative or explanatory texts using multiple sources to examine a topic, conveying ideas and information clearly and incorporating a strong organizational structure, relevant details, and elaboration.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
36. Write an argument to persuade the reader to take an action or adopt a position, stating a claim, supporting the claim with relevant evidence from sources, using connectives to link ideas, and presenting a strong conclusion.

Examples: first, as a result, therefore, in addition
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
37. Write about research findings independently over short and/or extended periods of time.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
38. Gather information on a topic or question, and share the results through various modes of writing, including projects and presentations.

a. Locate information in print and digital sources.

b. Summarize, quote, and paraphrase information in notes and finished work, providing a list of sources.

c. Integrate information from several texts on the same topic into presentations of research.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
39. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage in writing.

a. Evaluate the usage of pronouns for the proper case.

Examples: subjective, objective, possessive

b. Identify inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person.

c. Use varied pronouns and their antecedents correctly in composing and revising writing.

d. Use subject-verb agreement correctly when composing and revising writing.

e. Use verb tenses to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.

f. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense, including subject-verb agreement.

g. Use perfect verb tenses to compose and revise writing.

h. Use correlative conjunctions correctly when composing and revising writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
40. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

a. Use commas to separate items in a series, separate introductory elements from the rest of a sentence, set off tag questions, and indicate direct address.

b. Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate the titles of different types of works.

c. Spell grade-level words correctly, consulting references as needed.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
41. Write using grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases accurately, including those that signal contrasting ideas, additional information, and other logical relationships.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 5
All Resources: 0
42. Consult print and digital reference materials to find the pronunciation and to determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

Examples: dictionaries, glossaries
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R2. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R3. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically when researching and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R4. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R5. Assess the formality of occasions in order to speak or write using appropriate language and tone.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
R6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
1. Identify and explain an author's rhetorical choices, including point of view, purpose, anecdotes, and figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings, to develop central and supporting ideas.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
2. Make inferences and draw logical conclusions from the content and structures of informational texts, including comparison and contrast, problem and solution, claims and evidence, cause and effect, description, and sequencing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
3. Explain how authors use setting, plot, characters, theme, conflict, dialogue, and point of view to contribute to the meaning and purpose of prose and poetry, using textual evidence from the writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
4. Describe the use of literary devices in prose and poetry, including simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, tone, imagery, irony, symbolism, and mood, and indicate how they support interpretations of the text.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
5. Evaluate the development of central and supporting ideas in recorded or live presentations by examining the speaker's rhetorical choices regarding point of view, purpose, anecdotes, and figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
6. Support interpretations of recorded or live presentations by examining the speaker's use of hyperbole, tone, symbolism, imagery, mood, irony, and onomatopoeia.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
7. Produce clear, coherent narrative, argument, and informative/explanatory writing in which the development, organization, style, and tone are relevant to task, purpose, and audience, using an appropriate command of language.

a. Write narratives incorporating key literary elements, including characters, plot, setting, point of view, resolution of a conflict, dialogue, and sensory details.

b. Write informative or explanatory texts with an organized structure and a formal style, incorporating a focused point of view, a clear purpose, credible evidence, and technical word meanings.

c. Write an argument to convince the reader to take an action or adopt a position, stating a claim and supporting the claim with relevant, well-organized evidence from credible sources.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
8. Participate in collaborative discussions using information from a source.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
9. Participate in collaborative discussions about literary devices and elements found in prose and poetry.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
10. Determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of digital sources.

Examples: online academic journals, social media, blogs, podcasts
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
11. Utilize written, visual, digital, and interactive texts to generate and answer literal, interpretive, and applied questions.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
12. Interpret language to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, and credibility of digital sources, with guidance and support.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
13. Create and edit digital products that are appropriate in subject and purpose for a particular audience or occasion.

Examples: social media posts, blog posts, podcast episodes, infographics
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
14. Enhance oral presentations by introducing ideas in digital formats with specific attention to subject, occasion, audience, and purpose.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
15. Identify the conventions of standard English grammar and usage in published texts.

a. Identify subject-verb agreement when interrupted by a prepositional phrase, with inverted word order, and with indefinite pronouns as subjects.

b. Evaluate pronoun usage for number and case.

Examples: subjective, objective, possessive

c. Identify common errors in pronoun usage.

Examples: person, number, ambiguous antecedents
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
16. Identify the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling in published texts.

a. Identify commas, parentheses, and dashes that are used to set off nonrestrictive or parenthetical elements in texts from various genres.

Examples: poetry, informational texts, narratives
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
17. Assess a speaker's organizational choices to determine point of view, purpose, and effectiveness.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
18. Identify a speaker's correct usage of language, including subject-verb agreement and pronouns.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
19. Demonstrate command of standard English grammar, usage, and mechanics when writing.

a. Use commas, parentheses, or dashes to set off nonrestrictive or parenthetical elements.

b. Revise writing for correct mechanics with a focus on commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, and semicolons.

c. Compose and revise writing by using various pronouns and their antecedents correctly.

Examples: personal, intensive, reflexive, demonstrative, relative, interrogative, indefinite

Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
20. Choose language that maintains consistency in style and tone in a variety of formal and/or informal settings.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
21. Summarize ethical guidelines and explain how they govern the process of finding and recording information from primary, secondary, and digital sources, with guidance and support.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
22. Assess the relevance, reliability, and validity of information from printed and/or digital texts.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
23. Use an audio or audio-visual source of information to obtain the answer to a question.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
24. Write about research findings independently over short and/or extended periods of time.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
25. Quote, paraphrase, and summarize information from sources and present findings, following an appropriate citation style, with guidance and support.

Example: MLA, APA
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
26. Utilize research findings to communicate relevant details, opinions, and ideas about a topic or text in oral presentations.

a. Answer questions in discussions about their research findings.
Vocabulary Literacy
Increase academic, domain-specific, and grade-level-appropriate vocabularies through reading, word study, and class discussion.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
27. Discover word meanings by analyzing word parts, examining connotation and denotation, or using print or digital reference tools.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
28. Discover word meanings through active listening in various contexts.

Examples: classroom discussion, oral presentations, digital formats
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
29. Use academic vocabulary in writing to communicate effectively.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 6
All Resources: 0
30. Use vocabulary to create specific reactions or effects when speaking in various classroom and digital situations.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R2. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R3. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically when researching and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R4. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R5. Assess the formality of occasions in order to speak or write using appropriate language and tone.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
R6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
1. Evaluate the contributions of informational text elements, including categories, point of view, purpose, and figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings, to develop central and supporting ideas.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
2. Evaluate how effectively an author uses structures of informational texts, including comparison and contrast, problem and solution, cause and effect, and substantiated or unsubstantiated claims and evidence, to achieve a purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
3. Explain how the author's choice of setting, plot, characters, theme, conflict, dialogue, and point of view contribute to and/or enhance the meaning and purpose of prose and poetry, using textual evidence from the writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
4. Evaluate literary devices to support interpretations of literary texts using textual evidence, including simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, imagery, tone, symbolism, irony, and mood.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
5. Evaluate rhetorical strategies used to develop central and supporting ideas in recorded or live presentations, including point of view, purpose, comparison, categories, and word meanings (figurative, connotative, and technical).
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
6. Evaluate the speaker's use of hyperbole, tone, symbolism, imagery, mood, irony, and onomatopoeia in a live or recorded presentation.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
7. Produce clear, coherent narrative, argument, and informative/explanatory writing in which the development, organization, style, and tone are relevant to task, purpose, and audience, using an appropriate command of language.

a. Write narratives to convey a series of events incorporating key literary elements, establishing a clear purpose, using narrative techniques (dialogue, pacing, description, and reflection), and sequencing events coherently (chronological and/or flashback).

b. Write informative or explanatory texts with an organized structure and a formal style to examine ideas or processes effectively while developing the topic and utilizing appropriate transitions, precise vocabulary, and credible information or data when relevant.

c. Write an argument to defend a position by introducing and supporting claim(s), acknowledging alternate or opposing claims, and presenting reasons and relevant text evidence from accurate and credible sources.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
8. Participate in collaborative discussions about arguments by evaluating claims, findings, and evidence from a source.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
9. Participate in collaborative discussions about prose and poetry by evaluating the use of literary devices and elements.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
10. Assess subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of various digital sources.

Examples: online academic journals, social media, blogs
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
11. Compare and contrast the effectiveness of techniques used in a variety of digital sources to generate and answer literal, interpretive, and applied questions and create new understandings.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
12. Determine the intended purposes of techniques used for rhetorical effect in multiple digital sources.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
13. Interpret language through active listening to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of digital sources.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
14. Create and edit digital products that are appropriate in subject, occasion, audience, purpose, and tone.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
15. Utilize digital tools and/or products to enhance meaning.

Examples: hashtags, videos, slide presentations, audio clips, GIFS, memes; social media platforms
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
16. Convey ideas in an appropriate digital format with specific attention to subject, occasion, audience, purpose, and tone.
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
17. Identify the conventions of standard English grammar and usage in writing.

a. Identify subject-verb agreement with compound subjects joined by correlative and coordinating conjunctions and with collective nouns when verb form depends on the rest of the sentence.

b. Identify the usage of simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex statements and questions to signal differing relationships among ideas in a text.

c. Evaluate the functions of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
18. Identify the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling in a variety of texts.

a. Correct improper usage of commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, and semicolons through peer editing.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
19. Evaluate a speaker's organizational choices to determine point of view, purpose, and effectiveness.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
20. Identify a speaker's formality of language in order to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
21. Create written work using standard English grammar, usage, and mechanics.

a. Revise their own writing using correct mechanics with a focus on commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, and semicolons.

b. Construct simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to represent relationships among ideas.

c. Embed phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced or dangling modifiers.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
22. Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
23. Implement ethical guidelines while finding and recording information from a variety of primary, secondary, and digital sources.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
24. Determine the relevance, reliability, and validity of information from nonfiction and fictional printed and/or digital texts.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
25. Use active listening to acquire information and assess its relevance and credibility.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
26. Produce research writings over extended periods with time for research, reflection, and revision and within shorter time frames, with minimal guidance.

Examples: a day or two, a single sitting
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
27. Quote, paraphrase, summarize, and present findings, following an appropriate citation style and avoiding plagiarism.

Example: MLA, APA
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
28. Incorporate research into oral presentations, summarizing and supporting opinions and ideas with relevant details.

a. Collect information through the research process to answer follow-up questions and participate in discussions about their research findings.
Vocabulary Literacy
Increase academic, domain-specific, and grade-level-appropriate vocabularies through reading, word study, and class discussion.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
29. Determine word meaning through the use of word parts, context clues, connotation and denotation, or print or digital reference tools.

Examples: affixes, Greek and Latin roots, stems; dictionary, thesaurus, glossary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
30. Read and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines to determine how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content organization.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
31. Infer word meaning through active listening in various contexts for purposeful, effective communication.

Examples: classroom discussion, oral presentations, digital formats
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
32. Apply vocabulary in writing to convey and enhance meaning.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 7
All Resources: 0
33. Select and utilize effective words and phrases that are suitable for purpose and audience to communicate clearly in a variety of situations.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R2. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R3. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically when researching and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R4. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R5. Assess the formality of occasions in order to speak or write using appropriate language and tone.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
R6. Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
1. Analyze how informational and graphic text elements, including allusions, point of view, purpose, comparisons, categories, and figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings, develop central and supporting ideas.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
2. Make complex inferences from the structure and content of a text, including comparison and contrast, problem and solution, cause and effect, and substantiated and unsubstantiated claims and evidence, to draw logical conclusions about the author's perspective.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
3. Analyze how authors use key literary elements, including setting, plot, theme, characters, internal and external conflict, dialogue, and point of view, to contribute to the meaning and purpose of a text, using text evidence as support.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
4. Analyze the use of literary devices, including simile, metaphor, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, imagery, tone, symbolism, irony, mood, and allusion, to support interpretations of literary texts, using textual evidence to support the analysis.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
5. Compare and contrast the perspectives in a variety of fiction, nonfiction, informational, digital, and multimodal texts produced from diverse historical, cultural, and global viewpoints.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
6. Evaluate the development of central and supporting ideas in recorded or live presentations by examining the speaker's rhetorical strategies and choices regarding point of view, purpose, comparisons, analogies, categories, allusions, and figurative, connotative, and technical word meanings.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
7. Critique the speaker's use of hyperbole, tone, symbolism, imagery, mood, irony, and onomatopoeia in a live or recorded presentation.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
8. Produce clear, coherent narrative, argument, and informative/explanatory writing in which the development, organization, style, and tone are relevant to task, purpose, and audience, using an appropriate command of language.

a. Write narratives that establish a clear purpose, use narrative techniques, and sequence events coherently.

Examples: narratives - memoir, short story, personal narrative; techniques - dialogue, pacing, description, reflection;
sequencing - chronological, reverse chronological, flashback

b. Write informative or explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas or processes effectively, by developing the topic with relevant information or data from credible sources and using appropriate transitions and precise vocabulary.

c. Write an argument to defend a position by introducing and supporting a claim, distinguishing the claim from opposing claims, presenting counterclaims and reasons, and citing accurate, relevant textual evidence from credible sources.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
9. Participate in collaborative discussions about arguments by evaluating claims, findings, reasoning, relevance, and evidence from multiple sources.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
10. Engage in coherent and collaborative discussions about prose and poetry by evaluating the use of literary devices and elements.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
11. Analyze digital texts to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
12. Interpret and evaluate language through active listening to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of digital sources.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
13. Create and edit digital products that are appropriate in subject, occasion, audience, point of view, purpose, and tone.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
14. Utilize digital tools and/or products to enhance meaning.

Examples: hashtags, videos, slide presentations, audio clips, GIFS, memes, clips from social media
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
15. Deliver ideas in an appropriate digital format with specific attention to subject, occasion, audience, purpose, and tone.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video on an area of interest
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
16. Examine the use of conventions of standard English grammar and usage in writing.

a. Identify gerunds, participles, infinitives, and clauses.

b. Analyze the effects of active and passive voice and shifts in verb tense.

c. Explain how using simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex statements and questions signals differing relationships among ideas in a text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
17. Examine the use of conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling in a variety of texts.

a. Correct improper usage of commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, semicolons, hyphens, and dashes through peer editing.
Listening
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
18. Analyze a speaker's formality of language in order to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.

Examples: active/passive voice, diction, syntax
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
19. Evaluate a speaker's rhetorical and organizational choices in order to determine point of view, purpose, and effectiveness.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
20. Produce writing that shows a command of standard English grammar, usage, and mechanics.

a. Construct verbals (gerunds, participles, and infinitives) in pieces of writing, including isolated sentences, paragraphs, and essays.
b. Compose writing using verbs in active and passive voice to establish mood.

c. Revise their own writing for correct mechanics with a focus on commas, apostrophes, quotation marks, colons, and semicolons.

d. Construct simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas.

e. Form and use verbs in context in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive moods.

f. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
21. Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
22. Apply ethical guidelines while finding and recording information from a variety of primary, secondary, and digital sources.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
23. Determine the relevance, reliability, and validity of information from nonfiction and fictional printed and/or digital texts.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
24. Assess the relevance and credibility of orally-presented information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
25. Produce research writings independently over extended periods of time which encompass research, reflection, and revision and over shorter time frames.

Examples: a day or two, a single sitting
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
26. Quote, paraphrase, summarize, and present findings, following a recognized citation style and avoiding plagiarism to demonstrate responsible and ethical research practices.
Examples: MLA, APA
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
27. Synthesize and present information during the research process to answer follow-up questions and participate in both informal and formal discussions about research findings with grade-appropriate command of language.
Vocabulary Literacy
Increase academic, domain-specific, and grade-level-appropriate vocabularies through reading, word study, and class discussion.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
28. Analyze word meanings through the use of word parts, context clues, connotation and denotation, and print or digital reference tools.

Examples: affixes, stems, Greek and Latin roots
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
29. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines to determine how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content organization.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
30. Analyze and connect word meanings through active listening in various contexts for purposeful, effective communication.

Examples: classroom discussion, oral presentations, digital formats
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
31. Integrate effective vocabulary into writing to create specific effects and communicate purposefully.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 8
All Resources: 0
32. Utilize appropriate vocabulary in various classroom, digital, and real-world situations to facilitate effective communication.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R1. Read a variety of print and nonprint documents to acquire new information and respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace.

Examples: emails, directions, diagrams, charts, other common workplace documents
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R2. Read and comprehend a variety of literary texts to develop a literal and figurative understanding as appropriate to the type of text, purpose, and situation.

Examples: short and long prose texts, poetry, dramas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R3. Utilize active listening skills in formal and informal conversations, following predetermined norms.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process which includes planning, revising, editing/peer-editing, and rewriting to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing for a specific purpose and audience.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R6. Employ conventions of grammar, mechanics, and usage in order to communicate effectively with a target audience.

Examples: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, effective sentence structure, appropriate formality of language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
R7. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
1. Read, analyze, and evaluate complex literary and informational texts written from various cultural perspectives, with an emphasis on works originating outside the United States and the British Isles through 1599.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
2. Analyze information from graphic texts to draw conclusions, defend claims, and make decisions.

Examples: tables, graphs, charts, digital dashboards, flow charts, timelines, forms, maps, blueprints
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
3. Analyze how an author's cultural perspective influences style, language, and themes.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
4. Analyze how authors use characterization, connotation, denotation, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning in a variety of texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
5. Analyze the impact of context and organizational structures on theme, tone, and the meaning of the work as a whole.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
6. Compare and/or contrast the perspectives in a variety of fiction, nonfiction, informational, digital, and multimodal texts produced from diverse historical, cultural, and global points of view, not limited to the grade-level literary focus.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
7. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines to determine how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content organization.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
8. Through active listening, evaluate tone, organization, content, and non-verbal cues to determine the purpose and credibility of a speaker.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
9. Compose both short and extended narrative, informative/explanatory, and argumentative writings that are clear and coherent, use an appropriate command of language, and demonstrate development, organization, style, and tone that are relevant to task, purpose, and audience.

Examples: paragraphs, constructed responses, essays

a. Write a memoir, narrative essay, or personal or fictional narrative to convey a series of events, establishing a clear purpose and using narrative techniques.

Examples: dialogue, pacing, description, reflection

b. Write explanations and expositions that incorporate evidence, using transitions and techniques that objectively introduce and develop topics.

Examples: relevant and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations

c. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning, relevant and sufficient evidence, transitions, and a concluding statement or section that follows from the information presented.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
10. Present research findings to a peer audience, either formally or informally, conveying credible, accurate information from multiple sources, including diverse media.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
11. Participate in collaborative discussions involving multiple perspectives, responding and contributing with relevant evidence and commentary.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
12. Interpret digital texts to determine their subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
13. Interpret a digital audio source to determine its subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
14. Create and edit digital texts that are suitable in purpose and tone for their intended audience and occasion.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
15. Create and deliver a collaborative presentation that is suitable in purpose and tone for its intended audience and occasion.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video in an area of interest related to college or career choices
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
16. Interpret how an author's grammar and rhetorical style contribute to the meaning in both fiction, including poetry and prose, and nonfiction, including historical, business, informational, and workplace documents.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
17. Classify formality of language in order to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
18. Analyze a speaker's rhetorical, aesthetic, and organizational choices in order to determine point of view and purpose.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
19. Apply conventions of language to communicate effectively with a target audience, including punctuation; capitalization; spelling; verb, pronoun, and modifier usage; and effective sentence structure.

a. Exhibit stylistic consistency in writing.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
20. Adapt speech to purpose and audience in a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English conventions as indicated or appropriate.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
21. Locate and determine the usefulness of relevant and credible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
22. Use a variety of search tools and research strategies.

Examples: library databases, search engines; keyword search, boolean search
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
23. Use audio sources to obtain useful and credible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
24. Utilize responsible and ethical research practices to write clear, coherent products with a command of language suitable for a particular target audience and purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
25. Integrate information from at least two sources into writing by quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing and cite sources, following the rules of a particular style guide.

Examples: MLA, APA
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
26. Compose clear, coherent writing that incorporates information from at least one scholarly source and demonstrates a clear position on a topic, answers a research question, or presents a solution to a problem.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 9
All Resources: 0
27. Utilize responsible and ethical research practices to present clear, coherent products with a command of language suitable for a particular target audience and purpose.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R1. Read a variety of print and nonprint documents to acquire new information and respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace.

Examples: emails, directions, diagrams, charts, other common workplace documents
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R2. Read and comprehend a variety of literary texts to develop a literal and figurative understanding as appropriate to the type of text, purpose, and situation.

Examples: short and long prose texts, poetry, dramas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R3. Utilize active listening skills in formal and informal conversations, following predetermined norms.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process which includes planning, revising, editing/peer-editing, and rewriting to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing for a specific purpose and audience.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R6. Employ conventions of grammar, mechanics, and usage in order to communicate effectively with a target audience.

Examples: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, effective sentence structure, appropriate formality of language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
R7. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
1. Read, analyze, and evaluate complex literary and informational texts written from various cultural perspectives, with an emphasis on works originating outside the United States and the British Isles from 1600 to the present.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
2. Analyze and evaluate information from graphic texts to draw conclusions, defend claims, and make decisions.

Examples: tables, graphs, charts, digital dashboards, flow charts, timelines, forms, maps, blueprints
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
3. Analyze how an author's cultural perspective influences style, language, and themes.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
4. Interpret an author's use of characterization, connotation, denotation, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning in a variety of texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
5. Analyze context and organizational structures to determine theme, tone, and the meaning of the work as a whole.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
6. Compare and/or contrast the perspectives in a variety of fiction, nonfiction, informational, digital, and multimodal texts produced from diverse historical, cultural, and global viewpoints, not limited to the grade-level literary focus.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
7. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines to determine how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content organization.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
8. Through active listening, evaluate tone, organization, content, and non-verbal cues to determine the purpose and credibility of a speaker.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
9. Compose both short and extended narrative, informative/explanatory, and argumentative writings that are clear and coherent, use an appropriate command of language, and demonstrate development, organization, style, and tone that are relevant to task, purpose, and audience.

Examples: paragraphs, constructed responses, essays

a. Write a memoir, narrative essay, or personal or fictional narrative to convey a series of events, establishing a clear purpose, using narrative techniques, and sequencing events coherently.

Examples: dialogue, pacing, description, reflection; chronological order, reverse chronological order, flashbacks

b. Write explanations and expositions that incorporate relevant evidence, using effective transitions that objectively introduce and develop topics.

Examples: specific facts, examples, details, statistics/data, examples appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the topic

c. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning, relevant and sufficient evidence, appropriate transitions, and a concluding section that follows from and supports the information presented.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
10. Present research findings to peers, either formally or informally, integrating credible, accurate information from multiple sources, including diverse media.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
11. Participate in collaborative discussions involving multiple perspectives, responding and contributing with relevant evidence and commentary.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
12. Interpret digital texts to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
13. Interpret a digital audio source to determine subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
14. Create and edit collaborative digital texts that are suitable in purpose and tone for their intended audience and occasion.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
15. Create and deliver an individual or collaborative presentation that is suitable in purpose and tone for its intended audience and occasion.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video in an area of interest related to college or career choices
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
16. Interpret how an author's grammar and rhetorical style contribute to the meaning in both fiction, including poetry and prose, and nonfiction, including historical, business, informational, and workplace documents.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
17. Classify formality of language in order to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
18. Analyze a speaker's rhetorical, aesthetic, and organizational choices in order to determine point of view and purpose.

Examples: Analyze Mahatma Gandhi's "Quit India" speech.
Analyze "The Appeal of 18 June" by Charles de Gaulle.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
19. Apply conventions of language to communicate effectively with a target audience, including punctuation; capitalization; spelling; verb, pronoun, and modifier usage; and effective sentence structure.

a. Exhibit stylistic consistency in writing.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
20. Adapt speech to purpose and audience in a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English conventions when indicated or appropriate.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
21. Locate and determine the usefulness of relevant and credible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
22. Use a variety of search tools and research strategies to locate credible sources.

Examples: library databases, search engines; keyword search, boolean search
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
23. Use audio sources to obtain useful and credible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
24. Utilize responsible and ethical research practices to write clear, coherent products with a command of language suitable for a particular target audience and purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
25. Integrate information from at least two kinds of sources into writing, using quotations, paraphrases, and summaries that consistently follow a particular style guide.

Examples: MLA, APA
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
26. Compose clear, coherent writing that incorporates information from at least one scholarly and at least one non-scholarly source and demonstrates a clear position on a topic, answers a research question, or presents a solution to a problem.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 10
All Resources: 0
27. Utilize responsible and ethical research practices to present clear, coherent products with a command of language suitable for a target audience and purpose.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R1. Read a variety of print and nonprint documents to acquire new information and respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace.

Examples: emails, directions, diagrams, charts, other common workplace documents
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R2. Read and comprehend a variety of literary texts to develop a literal and figurative understanding as appropriate to the type of text, purpose, and situation.

Examples: short and long prose texts, poetry, dramas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R3. Utilize active listening skills in formal and informal conversations, following predetermined norms.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process which includes planning, revising, editing/peer-editing, and rewriting to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing for a specific purpose and audience.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R6. Employ conventions of grammar, mechanics, and usage in order to communicate effectively with a target audience.

Examples: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, effective sentence structure, appropriate formality of language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
R7. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
1. Read, analyze, and evaluate complex literary and informational texts written from various points of view and cultural perspectives, with an emphasis on works of American literature.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
2. Synthesize information from two or more graphic texts to draw conclusions, defend claims, and make decisions.

Examples: tables, graphs, charts, digital dashboards, flow charts, timelines, forms, maps, blueprints
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
3. Analyze how an author explicitly exhibits his/her cultural perspective in developing style and meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
4. Analyze how an author uses characterization, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
5. Evaluate structural and organizational details in literary, nonfiction/informational, digital, and multimodal texts to determine how genre supports the author's purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
6. Analyze a text's explicit and implicit meanings to make inferences about its theme and determine the author's purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
7. Compare and/or contrast the perspectives in a variety of fiction, nonfiction, informational, digital, and multimodal texts produced from diverse historical, cultural, and global viewpoints, not limited to the grade level literary focus.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
8. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines and explain how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content and organize information.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
9. Follow instructions in technical materials to complete a specific task.

Example: Read and follow instructions for formatting a document.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
10. Through active listening, evaluate tone, organization, content, and non-verbal cues to determine the purpose and credibility of a speaker.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
11. Compose and edit both short and extended products in which the development and organization are relevant and suitable to task, purpose, and audience, using an appropriate command of language.

Examples: paragraphs, constructed responses, essays

a. Incorporate narrative techniques in other modes of writing as appropriate.

Examples: flashback, anecdote, foreshadowing, story-telling, sensory details, character development

b. Write explanations and expositions that examine and convey complex ideas or processes effectively, develop the topic utilizing and citing credible sources of information or data when relevant, use intentional transitions, choose precise vocabulary, and maintain an organized structure.

c. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning supported by relevant and sufficient evidence, making rhetorical choices that convey a specific tone or style, including intentional transitions, and providing a logical conclusion that captures the larger implications of the topic or text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
12. Collaborate on writing tasks in diverse groups, making necessary compromises to accomplish a goal, sharing responsibility for collaborative work, and showing respect for the individual contributions of each group member.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
13. Synthesize multiple sources of information (including diverse media), evaluate the credibility and accuracy of each source, and share information orally.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
14. Participate in collaborative discussions involving multiple cultural and literary perspectives, responding to, contributing to, building upon, and questioning the ideas of others with relevant, appropriate evidence and commentary.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
15. Analyze digital texts and evaluate their effectiveness in terms of subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
16. Analyze elements of audible communications and evaluate their effectiveness in terms of subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of digital sources.

Examples: words, music, sound effects
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
17. Use images, sound, animation, and other modes of expression to create or enhance individual or collaborative digital and multimodal texts that are suitable in purpose and tone for their intended audience and occasion.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
18. Create and deliver an oral presentation, created collaboratively from individual contributions, that is suitable in purpose and tone for its intended audience and occasion.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video in an area of interest related to college or career choices.
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
19. Interpret how an author's grammar and rhetorical style contribute to the meaning in both fiction, including poetry and prose, and nonfiction, including historical, business, informational, and workplace documents.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
20. Analyze the formality of language in a variety of audible sources in order to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
21. Analyze a speaker's rhetorical, aesthetic, and organizational choices in order to determine point of view, purpose, and effectiveness.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
22. Apply conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language, to communicate effectively with a target audience.

a. Exhibit stylistic complexity and sophistication in writing.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
23. Deliver a speech suitable for an authentic audience for a specific purpose, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

Examples: student-led conference, public meeting, community-based group
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
24. Evaluate the credibility of sources in terms of authority, relevance, accuracy, and purpose.

a. Assess the usefulness of written information to answer a research question, solve a problem, or take a position.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
25. Use a variety of search tools and research strategies to locate credible sources.

Examples: library databases, search engines; keyword search, boolean search
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
26. Locate and acquire audible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position, utilizing active listening to assess its usefulness, relevance, and credibility.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
27. Synthesize research results, using responsible, ethical practices to gather information, and write clear, coherent products demonstrating command of language that is suitable for the target audience and purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
28. Integrate ethically-acquired information from at least three sources of varying types, including at least one visual or statistical source, into a research product, using proper quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, and citation practices that consistently follow rules of a particular style guide.

Examples: MLA, APA
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
29. Compose clear, coherent writing that incorporates information from a variety of scholarly and non-scholarly sources and demonstrates a clear position on a topic, answers a research question, or presents a solution to a problem.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 11
All Resources: 0
30. Synthesize research using responsible and ethical practices to create and orally present clear, coherent products demonstrating command of language that is suitable for the target audience and purpose.
Recurring Standards
Reception
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R1. Read a variety of print and nonprint documents to acquire new information and respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace.

Examples: emails, directions, diagrams, charts, other common workplace documents
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R2. Read and comprehend a variety of literary texts to develop a literal and figurative understanding as appropriate to the type of text, purpose, and situation.

Examples: short and long prose texts, poetry, dramas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R3. Utilize active listening skills in formal and informal conversations, following predetermined norms.
Expression
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R5. Utilize a writing process which includes planning, revising, editing/peer-editing, and rewriting to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing for a specific purpose and audience.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R6. Employ conventions of grammar, mechanics, and usage in order to communicate effectively with a target audience.

Examples: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, effective sentence structure, appropriate formality of language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
R7. Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar spoken or written words.
Critical Literacy
Process and employ information for a variety of academic, occupational, and personal purposes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
1. Read, analyze, and evaluate complex literary and historical texts written from particular points of view or cultural experiences, with an emphasis on works of literature from the British Isles.

a. Read, analyze, and evaluate a play by William Shakespeare, including an examination of its contributions to the English language and its influences on other works of literature.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
2. Synthesize information from two or more graphic texts to draw conclusions, defend claims, and make decisions.

Examples: tables, graphs, charts, digital dashboards, flow charts, timelines, forms, maps, blueprints
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
3. Evaluate how an author explicitly exhibits his/her cultural perspective in developing style and meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
4. Evaluate an author's use of characterization, figurative language, literary elements, and point of view to create and convey meaning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
5. Evaluate structural and organizational details in texts to determine the author's purpose, including cases in which the meaning is ironic or satirical.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
6. Analyze a text's explicit and implicit meanings to make inferences about its theme and determine the author's purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
7. Compare and/or contrast the perspectives in a variety of fiction, nonfiction, informational, digital, and multimodal texts produced from diverse historical, cultural, and global viewpoints, not limited to the grade level literary focus.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
8. Read, analyze, and evaluate texts from science, social studies, and other academic disciplines and explain how those disciplines treat domain-specific vocabulary and content and organize information.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
9. Follow instructions in technical materials to complete a specific task.

Example: Read and follow instructions for formatting a document.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
10. Determine through active listening the purpose, credibility, and effectiveness of a speaker or multiple sources of information by evaluating tone, organization, content, and verbal and non-verbal cues and identifying any fallacious reasoning or distorted evidence.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
11. Compose, edit, and revise both short and extended products in which the development, organization, and style are relevant and suitable to task, purpose, and audience, using an appropriate command of language.

a. Incorporate narrative techniques into other modes of writing as appropriate.

Examples: flashback, anecdote, foreshadowing, story-telling, sensory details, character development

b. Write explanations and expositions that examine and convey complex ideas or processes effectively, develop the topic utilizing and citing credible sources of information or data when relevant, use intentional transitions, choose precise vocabulary, and maintain an organized structure and style.

c. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence, making intentional rhetorical choices to convey a specific tone or style, including intentional transitions, and providing a logical conclusion that captures the larger implications of the topic or text.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
12. Within diverse and collaborative writing groups, effectively and respectfully demonstrate a willingness to make necessary compromises to accomplish a goal, share responsibility for collaborative work, and consider contributions made by each group member.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
13. Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of sources from diverse media and/or formats and then use multiple suitable sources of information to develop an idea or further a position.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
14. Actively engage in collaborative discussions about topics and texts, expressing their own ideas by respectfully contributing to, building upon, and questioning the ideas of others in pairs, diverse groups, and whole class settings.
Digital Literacy
Use technology, including the Internet, to research, analyze, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information, people, and resources and to display information flexibly and dynamically.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
15. Analyze digital texts and evaluate their effectiveness in terms of subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
16. Analyze elements of audible communications and evaluate their effectiveness in terms of subject, occasion, audience, purpose, tone, and credibility of digital sources.

Examples: words, music, sound effects
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
17. Use images, sound, animation, and other modes of expression to create or enhance individual or collaborative digital and multimodal texts that are suitable in purpose and tone for their intended audience and occasion.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
18. Create and deliver an oral presentation, created collaboratively from individual contributions, that is suitable in purpose and tone for its intended audience and occasion.

Examples: speaking to defend or explain a digital poster, multimedia presentation, or video in an area of interest related to college or career choices
Language Literacy
Recognize and demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
19. Interpret how an author's grammar and rhetorical style contribute to the meaning in both fiction, including poetry and prose, and nonfiction, including historical, business, informational, and workplace documents.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
20. Evaluate the formality of language in a variety of audible sources to comprehend, interpret, and respond appropriately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
21. Analyze a speaker's rhetorical, aesthetic, and organizational choices in order to determine point of view, purpose, and effectiveness.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
22. Apply conventions of standard English grammar, mechanics, and usage, including appropriate formality of language, to communicate effectively with a target audience.

a. Exhibit stylistic complexity, sophistication, and consistency in writing.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
23. Deliver a speech suitable for a professional audience of college and/or workforce stakeholders for a specific purpose, demonstrating command of formal English.
Research Literacy
Engage in inquiry through the research process to locate, acquire, refine, and present relevant and credible findings in multiple modes.
Reception
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
24. Evaluate the credibility of sources in terms of authority, relevance, accuracy, and purpose.

a. Assess the usefulness of written information to answer a research question, solve a problem, or take a position.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
25. Use a variety of search tools and research strategies to locate and acquire credible, relevant, and useful information.

Examples: library databases, search engines; keyword search, boolean search
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
26. Locate and acquire audible information to answer a question, solve a problem, or defend a position, utilizing active listening to assess its usefulness, relevance, and credibility.
Expression
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
27. Synthesize research results, using responsible, ethical practices to gather information, and write clear, coherent products demonstrating command of language that is suitable for the target audience and purpose.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
28. Integrate ethically-acquired information from at least three sources of varying types, including at least one visual or statistical source, into a research product, using proper quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, and citation practices that consistently follow rules of a particular style guide.

Examples: MLA, APA
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
29. Compose clear, coherent writing that incorporates information from a variety of scholarly and non-scholarly sources and demonstrates a clear position on a topic, answers a research question, or presents a solution to a problem.
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 12
All Resources: 0
30. Synthesize research using responsible and ethical practices to create and orally present clear, coherent products demonstrating command of language that is suitable for the target audience and purpose.