Courses of Study: Health Science

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Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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1.) Trace the history of biotechnology.

•  Identifying the scientific fields relevant to biotechnology
•  Describing both scientific and non-scientific careers, roles, and responsibilities of individuals working in biotechnology
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
2.) Exhibit appropriate safety procedure in the laboratory.

Examples: demonstrating proper use of personal protection devices, maintaining a sanitary laboratory environment, handling biological an chemical hazards properly, following laboratory protocols, maintaining proper documentation, labeling, and record keeping

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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3.) Explain concepts important to solution preparation.

•  Explaining the concepts of molecular mass, mole, and formula weight
•  Calculating molecular mass of specific molecules and the molarity of a solution
•  Preparing solutions of defined concentration
Examples: Preparing serial dilutions of specific solutions

•  Adjusting the pH of specific solutions with commonly used acids and bases
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
4.) Correlate key cellular components to function.

Examples: nucleus, chromosome, ribosome, mitochondria

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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5.) Describe the process of meiosis and the cell cycle, including the hereditary significance of each.

•  Comparing typical and atypical chromosome karyotypes
•  Comparing spermatogenesis and oogensis using charts
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
6.) Describe the significance of Mendel's work to the development of the modern science of genetics, including the laws of segregation and independent assortment.

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
7.) Describe the inheritance patterns based on gene interactions.

•  Predicting patterns of heredity using pedigree analysis
•  Identifying incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple allelism
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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8.) Describe occurrences and effects of sex linkage, autosomal linkage, crossover, multiple alleles, and polygenes.

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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9.) Describe the structure and function of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), including replication, translation, and transcription.

•  Applying the genetic code to predict amino acid sequence
•  Describing methods cells use to regulate gene expression
•  Defining the role of ribonucleic acid (RNA) in protein synthesis
•  Performing DNA extraction and separation techniques
•  Analyzing DNA previously amplified using polymerase chain reaction
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
10.) Explain the structure of eukaryotic chromosomes, including transposons, introns, and exons.

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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11.) Describe factors such as radiation, chemicals, and chance that cause mutations.

•  Describing the effects of genetic variability on adaptations
•  Describing how DNA mutations impact both the organism and population
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
12.) Explain how the Hardy-Weinberg principle provides a baseline for recognizing evolutionary changes in gene frequency due to genetic drift, gene flow, nonrandom mating, mutation, and natural selection.

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
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Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
13.) Differentiate among major areas in modern biotechnology, including plant, animal, microbial, forensic, and marine.

Examples: hybridization, cloning, insulin production, DNA profiling, bioremediation

•  Describing techniques used with recombinant DNA
Examples: DNA sequencing, isolation of DNA segments, polymerase chain reaction

•  Demonstrate proper maintenance of bacterial cultures, including preparing growth media and culturing microorganisms
•  Demonstrating recombinant DNA techniques in bacteria, including performing a plasmid transformation and a restriction digest
Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
14.) Explain the development, purpose, findings, and applications of the Human Genome Project.

•  Analyzing results of the Human Genome Project to predict ethical, social, and legal implications
•  Describing medical uses of gene therapy, including vaccines and tissue and antibody engineering
•  Using computer bioinformatics resources to provide information regarding DNA, protein, and human genetic diseases
Examples: National Center for Biotechnology Information, protein data bank, gene reviews

Health Science (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
15.) Describe the replication of DNA and RNA viruses, including lytic and lysogenic cycles, using diagrams.