Courses of Study

Communication
Interpersonal Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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1) Communicate and exchange information about familiar topics using Latin phrases and simple sentences.

a. Answer simple questions using short, properly formulated Latin sentences.

b. Formulate questions and responses relevant to a reading or lesson using properly formulated Latin sentences.

c. Interact with others in formulaic social situations.

Example: Carrying out more involved conversations in simple Latin sentences about a passage being read in class or conversing with others to learn more about them.

Interpretive Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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2) Read, understand, and translate Latin prose at an Intermediate Mid to Intermediate High level.

a. Demonstrate understanding of the main idea of paragraph-length Latin prose texts about familiar ideas.

b. Find information in Latin texts for practical purposes, including literary analysis.

c. Read, translate, and and demonstrate understanding of Latin texts that offer differing perspectives.

d. Analyze the style of Latin prose authors to comprehend content.

Examples: Describe the tone of a passage from Cicero
Explain the use of rhetorical devices in speeches by Cicero.

e. Answer questions in Latin or English to demonstrate understanding of adapted or unadapted Latin prose authors appropriate to Level III.

Examples of grammar appropriate to Level III: See the Latin Grammar Addendum (Appendix A, page 67).
Examples of Latin prose authors: Caesar, Cicero, Pliny, Sallust, and Livy.

Presentational Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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3) Produce Latin sentences and phrases at a Novice High to Intermediate Low level.

a. Write short messages and notes in Latin on familiar topics using vocabulary, grammar, and syntax appropriate to Level III.

b. Write briefly and present information using a series of properly phrased simple sentences.

Examples: Write sentences about topics of Roman and Greek culture and history.
Prepare written materials for presentation, translating English sentences into Latin.
Recite memorized authentic Latin prose such as Cicero’s first Catilinarian oration.

Cultures
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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4) Relate Roman cultural products to perspectives.

a. Investigate and describe values and perspectives in Roman prose authors.

Example: Values of pietas and gravitas found in the writings of Pliny.

b. Analyze important people in Roman history and literature to determine their cultural significance.

Examples: Gracchi brothers, Plautus, Terence, Cicero, Catiline, Sallust, Livy, Pliny the Elder, Pliny the Younger, Seneca, or Tacitus.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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5) Relate Roman cultural practices to perspectives.

a. Contrast the ideals of Roman political factions in the first Century B.C.E.

Example: The conflict between Cicero and Catiline, the proposed policies of the optimates and populares.

Connections
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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6) Investigate the connections between Latin and other disciplines.

a. Describe and analyze the influence of themes in Roman prose on Western art and literature.

Example: Jacque-Louis David's Oath of the Horatii.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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7) Access and evaluate information and diverse perspectives that originate from Latin and Roman culture.

a. Analyze figures from Roman history and literature to identify their influence on American history.

Example: The influence of Cincinnatus on George Washington.

b. Analyze the style of selections from Roman prose to investigate its influence on today's world of diverse cultures.

Example: Phrases such as "O tempora, O mores" in a modern context.

Comparisons
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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8) Investigate, explain, and reflect on the nature of language through comparisons between Latin and their own language.

a. Compare the style of Roman prose authors to that used in contemporary history and politics.

Example: Compare one of Pliny's letters to a current piece or writing, such as an open letter published in a newspaper.

b. Analyze the structure of Roman rhetoric and its influence on contemporary rhetorical styles.

Example: Compare one of Cicero's orations to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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9) Investigate, explain, and reflect on the concept of culture through comparisons of the culture of the Greco-Roman world and their own.

a. Compare issues that reveal cultural similarities between the ancient world and modern cultures.

Examples: Sallust's account of the 63 B.C.E. senate debate on capital punishment and the modern debate on capital punishment, Cicero's consternation regarding the appropriate punishment of insurgent citizens and the current debate on what to do about domestic terrorism.

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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10) Use knowledge of Latin and Greco-Roman culture in a multilingual world of diverse cultures.

a. Investigate important and influential works written in Latin.

Example: Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

b. Identify and correctly use English derivatives of Latin words commonly used in Latin prose.

Examples: Avarice, vulgar, suspicion, and perdition.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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11) Set goals and reflect on the progress made in using Latin for enjoyment, enrichment, and advancement.

Examples: Read Latin translations of literature at the appropriate proficiency level such as Ubi Fera Sunt (Where the Wild Things Are) or Winnie Ille Pu (Winnie the Pooh).