Courses of Study

Communication
Interpersonal Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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1) Respond appropriately to simple questions, statements, commands, or non-verbal stimuli.

a. Greet people and introduce self to others.

b. Answer simple questions in single words or short phrases.

c. Answer simple questions relevant to a reading or lesson.

Interpretive Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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2) Read and understand appropriate Latin vocabulary, inflectional systems, and syntax.

a. Summarize and translate passages of Latin composed or adapted for acquisition of content and language skills appropriate for Level I.

b. Answer questions in Latin or English about short passages of Latin composed or adapted for acquisition of content and language skills appropriate to Level I.

Examples of grammar appropriate to Level I: See the Latin Grammar Addendum (Appendix A, page 67).

Presentational Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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3) Use correct pronunciation to read Latin sentences and phrases aloud.

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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15) Identify professional fields that employ Latin terminology.

Examples: Medicine, law, pharmacy, engineering, and science.

Cultures
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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4)Produce Latin sentences at the Novice Mid Level.

a. Write short messages in Latin on familiar topics or topics studied.

Examples: Write basic sentences about self, school, or community.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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5) Investigate and describe elements of Roman daily life.

Examples: Calendar, household gods, government, family, social organization, Roman games, and holidays like Saturnalia.
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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6) Investigate and describe the most important Greco-Roman deities, including their characteristics, duties, and associated myths.

Examples: Olympian gods, earth gods, mythical monsters, and creation stories.

Connections
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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7) Investigate and describe elements of Roman material culture.

Examples: Temples, architecture, food, and clothing.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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8) Locate historically important cities and major geographical features of Italy and Western Europe, and describe their ancient and modern significance.

Examples: Rome, Pompeii, Capua, Ostia, and Brundisium.

Examples: The Tiber, Arno, and Po rivers, the Appian Way, Etruria, Britannia, Gallia, Germania, Graecia, Mare Nostrum, Aegean Sea, Adriatic Sea, and the Alps.
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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9) Identify Latin influences on other disciplines.

Examples: Roman numerals, metric prefixes in (mathematics), anatomical terminology, and names of planets (science).
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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10) Identify evidence of contributions of Roman civilization and language to diverse cultures.

Examples: Architectural sites in Western Asia, North Africa, and Europe; and artistic interpretations of classical themes during the Renaissance.
Comparisons
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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11) Recognize plots and themes of Greco-Roman myths and their influence in literature, art, and music.
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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12) Recognize Latin derivatives, cognates, and language patterns in English and other languages.

Examples: Mottoes, phrases, abbreviations, roots, prefixes, and suffixes.

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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13) Identify similarities of their own culture to that of the Greco-Roman world.

Examples: Architecture, daily life, themes and heroes of classical mythology.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level I
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14) Identify world languages and communities connected by their common origin in Latin language and Greco-Roman culture.

Examples: Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian.

Communication
Interpersonal Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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1) Ask and answer highly predictable and formulaic questions in Latin.

a. Answer simple questions using short Latin sentences.

b. Formulate simple questions and responses relevant to a reading or lesson.

Interpretive Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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2) Read, understand, and translate Latin at an Intermediate Low level.

a. Summarize and translate passages of adapted or unadapted Latin appropriate to their level.

b. Answer questions in Latin or English to demonstrate understanding of adapted or unadapted Latin appropriate to their level.

Examples of grammar and syntax appropriate to Level II: See the Latin Grammar Addendum.

Presentational Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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3) Produce Latin messages at a Novice Mid to Novice High Level.

a. Write short messages and notes in Latin on familiar topics.

Cultures
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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4) Explain the significance of people, events, social structures, and political terms in Roman history.

Examples: Heroes of the early Roman Republic, Scipio, Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, Antony, Octavian, Constantine, and Justinian.
Events include the founding of Rome, the secession of the Plebs, Punic Wars, and civil wars.
Patrician and plebeian classes, the role of women in Roman society, and slavery in the ancient world.
Monarchy, republic, populares, optimates, cursus honorum, First and Second Triumvirates.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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5) Compare the actions of Roman heroes and historical figures and explain the differences.

Examples: Compare the actions of Marius, Sulla, Caesar, or Cicero to Cincinnatus, Camillus, or Regulus.

Connections
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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6) Locate historically significant cities, countries, and geographical features of the ancient Mediterranean world, and describe their relationship to their modern counterparts.

Examples: Carthage, Troy, Alexandria, Athens, Delphi, Constantinople; divisions of Gaul, Phoenicia, Magna Graecia, Crete, Sicily; Rubicon, Po, Nile, and Rhine rivers, the Alps and Pyrenees mountains.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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7) Investigate and describe Latin influences on modern academic disciplines, world languages such as English and the Romance languages, history, and philosophy.

Examples: Stoic and Epicurean philosophy on contemporary ideas and literature, similarities and differences between modern and Roman military tactics.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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8) Describe Roman influences on contemporary arts and culture.

Examples: The television series Rome, the movies Gladiator, Cleopatra, and Troy, and contemporary youth literature.

Comparisons
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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9) Compare language patterns of Latin and their own language.

Examples: Differences in the way Latin and English express indirect statements.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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10) Use Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots to expand English vocabulary.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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11) Compare the geography and social, political, legal, military, and economic systems of the Roman world to systems of the modern world.

Example: Compare a map of the provinces of the Roman Empire to a modern map of the Mediterranean region.

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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12) Identify ways the study of Latin is beneficial to the study of other languages.

Examples: Similarities between the vocabulary of Latin and the Romance languages, as in the Latin word homo, the Spanish word hombre, and the French word l'homme.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level II
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13) Connect with personal interests using knowledge of Latin and the Greco-Roman world.

Examples: Plan real or imaginary travel to places once a part of the Roman Empire, and listen to music, and sing songs in Latin.

Communication
Interpersonal Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
All Resources: 0
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1) Communicate and exchange information about familiar topics using Latin phrases and simple sentences.

a. Answer simple questions using short, properly formulated Latin sentences.

b. Formulate questions and responses relevant to a reading or lesson using properly formulated Latin sentences.

c. Interact with others in formulaic social situations.

Example: Carrying out more involved conversations in simple Latin sentences about a passage being read in class or conversing with others to learn more about them.

Interpretive Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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2) Read, understand, and translate Latin prose at an Intermediate Mid to Intermediate High level.

a. Demonstrate understanding of the main idea of paragraph-length Latin prose texts about familiar ideas.

b. Find information in Latin texts for practical purposes, including literary analysis.

c. Read, translate, and and demonstrate understanding of Latin texts that offer differing perspectives.

d. Analyze the style of Latin prose authors to comprehend content.

Examples: Describe the tone of a passage from Cicero
Explain the use of rhetorical devices in speeches by Cicero.

e. Answer questions in Latin or English to demonstrate understanding of adapted or unadapted Latin prose authors appropriate to Level III.

Examples of grammar appropriate to Level III: See the Latin Grammar Addendum (Appendix A, page 67).
Examples of Latin prose authors: Caesar, Cicero, Pliny, Sallust, and Livy.

Presentational Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
All Resources: 0
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3) Produce Latin sentences and phrases at a Novice High to Intermediate Low level.

a. Write short messages and notes in Latin on familiar topics using vocabulary, grammar, and syntax appropriate to Level III.

b. Write briefly and present information using a series of properly phrased simple sentences.

Examples: Write sentences about topics of Roman and Greek culture and history.
Prepare written materials for presentation, translating English sentences into Latin.
Recite memorized authentic Latin prose such as Cicero’s first Catilinarian oration.

Cultures
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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4) Relate Roman cultural products to perspectives.

a. Investigate and describe values and perspectives in Roman prose authors.

Example: Values of pietas and gravitas found in the writings of Pliny.

b. Analyze important people in Roman history and literature to determine their cultural significance.

Examples: Gracchi brothers, Plautus, Terence, Cicero, Catiline, Sallust, Livy, Pliny the Elder, Pliny the Younger, Seneca, or Tacitus.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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5) Relate Roman cultural practices to perspectives.

a. Contrast the ideals of Roman political factions in the first Century B.C.E.

Example: The conflict between Cicero and Catiline, the proposed policies of the optimates and populares.

Connections
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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6) Investigate the connections between Latin and other disciplines.

a. Describe and analyze the influence of themes in Roman prose on Western art and literature.

Example: Jacque-Louis David's Oath of the Horatii.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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7) Access and evaluate information and diverse perspectives that originate from Latin and Roman culture.

a. Analyze figures from Roman history and literature to identify their influence on American history.

Example: The influence of Cincinnatus on George Washington.

b. Analyze the style of selections from Roman prose to investigate its influence on today's world of diverse cultures.

Example: Phrases such as "O tempora, O mores" in a modern context.

Comparisons
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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8) Investigate, explain, and reflect on the nature of language through comparisons between Latin and their own language.

a. Compare the style of Roman prose authors to that used in contemporary history and politics.

Example: Compare one of Pliny's letters to a current piece or writing, such as an open letter published in a newspaper.

b. Analyze the structure of Roman rhetoric and its influence on contemporary rhetorical styles.

Example: Compare one of Cicero's orations to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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9) Investigate, explain, and reflect on the concept of culture through comparisons of the culture of the Greco-Roman world and their own.

a. Compare issues that reveal cultural similarities between the ancient world and modern cultures.

Examples: Sallust's account of the 63 B.C.E. senate debate on capital punishment and the modern debate on capital punishment, Cicero's consternation regarding the appropriate punishment of insurgent citizens and the current debate on what to do about domestic terrorism.

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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10) Use knowledge of Latin and Greco-Roman culture in a multilingual world of diverse cultures.

a. Investigate important and influential works written in Latin.

Example: Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.

b. Identify and correctly use English derivatives of Latin words commonly used in Latin prose.

Examples: Avarice, vulgar, suspicion, and perdition.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level III
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11) Set goals and reflect on the progress made in using Latin for enjoyment, enrichment, and advancement.

Examples: Read Latin translations of literature at the appropriate proficiency level such as Ubi Fera Sunt (Where the Wild Things Are) or Winnie Ille Pu (Winnie the Pooh).

Communication
Interpersonal Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
All Resources: 0
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1) Communicate and exchange information using Latin phrases and simple sentences.

a. Answer questions consistently using properly formulated Latin sentences.

b. Formulate questions and responses relevant to a topic of conversation or academic interest using properly formulated Latin sentences.

c. Engage with others in simple conversational situations.

Interpretive Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
All Resources: 0
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Unit Plans: 0
2) Read, translate, and understand Latin poetry at an Intermediate High level.

a. Analyze the style of Latin poets to comprehend content.

Example: Describe how the meter of a poem affects its meaning.

b. Identify metrical patterns by scanning selected Latin poetry.

Example: Dactylic hexameter in Vergil's Aeneid—"Ārmă vĭr/ūmqŭe că/nō Trō/iāe quī/prīmŭs ăb/ōrīs" (DDSSDS).

c. Answer questions in Latin or English to demonstrate understanding of adapted or unadapted Latin poetry.

Examples of grammar appropriate to Level IV: See the Latin Grammar Addendum (Appendix A, page 67).

Examples: Vergil, Ovid, Horace, and Catullus.

Presentational Mode
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
All Resources: 0
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3) Produce Latin sentences and phrases at an Intermediate Low level.

a. Write short messages and notes using a series of properly phrased Latin sentences.

Example: Prepare a short Latin paragraph about the characters in a story read in class.

b. Read or recite from memory authentic Latin poetry with proper inflection and attention to meter.

Examples: Catullus' 5 ("Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus"), Horace's Odes 1.11 ("Carpe Diem")

Cultures
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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4) Relate Roman cultural products to perspectives.

a. Explain the significance of Roman poets and their poetry.

Example: Vergil, Horace, Ovid, Catullus, Martial, the patron Maecenas.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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5) Investigate, explain, and reflect on the relationship between Roman cultural practices and perspectives.

a. Compare the actions and character traits of figures in Roman poetry to actions and character traits of figures in other periods of history and literature.

Example: Vergil's Aeneas and George Washington, Ovid's Daedalus and Leonardo da Vinci.

b. Analyze Roman values and perspectives in poetry.

Example: Critique Horace's use of Epicurean and Stoic philosophies.

Connections
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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6) Analyze and critique Roman poetry to determine its influence on art and literature throughout history.

Example: Ovid's influence on Gianlorenzo Bernini's sculptural rendition of Daphne and Apollo, William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, and Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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7) Describe the influence of themes in Roman poetry on Western art and literature.

Example: The theme of artistic discipline and loss in Ovid's tale of Orpheus and Eurydice as interpreted in film and opera.

Comparisons
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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8) Compare phrases used in English to their origins in Latin literature.

Examples: "vanish into thin air," "hair stands on end," and "voice sticks in your throat" originating in Vergil's Aeneid.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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9) Connect universal themes found in Roman poetry to artistic renditions of other time periods and cultures.

Example: Themes of love and hate in different versions of Catullus' 85 "Odi at amo" and works by English poets Abraham Cowley (1667), Ezra Pound (1972), and Garry Wills (contemporary).

Communities
Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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10) Investigate connections between the study of Latin around the world and across time to the present.

Example: The study of Latin in European schools, and Milton's Latin works.

Latin (2017)
Grade(s): 7 - 12
Level IV
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11) Apply Latin vocabulary commonly used in poetry to understand English derivatives.

Examples: Urbane, amorous, incantation, and Occident.