Courses of Study: Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security

Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security, Grade 9 - 12, Forensic and Criminal Investigations, 2009

1.) Explain career opportunities in forensic and criminal investigations.

2.) Identify safety precautions for forensic and criminal investigators.

3.) Describe the history of forensic science.

4.) Explain criminal investigation procedures, including purpose and types.

5.) Describe responsibilities of various personnel involved in crime scene investigations.

Examples: police, detectives, laboratory specialists, medical examiners

•  Explaining techniques for searching, sketching, and recording data from a crime scene
6.) Explain ways to collect and preserve evidence from a crime scene.

•  Distinguishing between physical evidence and witness evidence
•  Comparing the three main pattern types that combine to form an individual's unique fingerprint
•  Explaining different methods of latent fingerprint development
•  Identifying origins of impressions, including footwear and tire tread
•  Describing ways to identify hair, fiber, and blood evidence
7.) Describe presumptive and confirmatory forensic tests.

Examples: blood type comparison, DNA testing

8.) Describe the importance of genetic information to forensics.

•  Using the process of gel electrophoresis for deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fingerprinting
9.) Describe the decomposition process.

•  Using rigor mortis to determine corpse position
•  Describing decomposition by-products used to determine cause of death
•  Using entomological life cycles to determine time of death
10.) Identify the importance of skeletal remains in forensics.

•  Comparing bones and skulls based on age, sex, and race
•  Using forensic dentistry to establish identity
11.) Describe general categories of drugs and poisons, including their effects on humans.

•  Explaining ways poisons are detected during autopsy
12.) Explain fingerprinting methods and identification techniques.

13.) Distinguish between class and individual characteristics of firearms.

14.) Use laws of physics to explain forensic evidence.

•  Analyzing blood splatter patterns to determine speed, height, and direction
•  Tracking trajectories of collected evidence
15.) Describe techniques used to determine the validity of forensic documents.

Examples: fiber and handwriting analysis, ink chromatography