Courses of Study: Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages)

Languages Other Than English (Foreign Languages), Grade 9 - 12, American Sign Language Level III, 2006

1.) Use the target language, including exchanging ideas, restating or paraphrasing, explaining, and giving cause to interact in a variety of settings.

Examples: dialogues, retells, impromptu role plays, articles on current events

2.) Interpret culturally authentic presentations in the target language about familiar and unfamiliar topics to determine main ideas and supporting details.

•  Identifying complex sentence structures and clauses
Example: rhetorical, conditional, and relative clauses

•  Identifying characters in relation to space and location
3.) Create presentations in the target language on a variety of topics using familiar and newly acquired vocabulary words and phrases and correct structure.

Examples: advertisements, speeches, poems, ABC and classifier stories

4.) Analyze information learned about the perspectives and practices of the target culture to describe patterns of behavior typically associated with other target language cultures.

5.) Describe the global influences of historic events, political structures, economic factors, and artistic expressions of the target culture.


- historic events--Milan Manifesto and the 1880 oral-only vote;

- political structures--influence on other countries of the Deaf Child Bill of Rights;

- economic factors--Deaf adults immigrating to the United States in search of career opportunities;

- artistic expressions--Deaf Way Conference at Gallaudet University where Deaf artists from around the world were first brought together to share their expertise

6.) Apply information learned in other school subject areas to information learned from target language materials.

Examples: information on hazards and hearing loss in health education programs, advocacy awareness information learned in social studies programs, language literacy gained from English language arts programs

7.) Identify the complex linguistic elements of the target language as they relate to English.

Examples: relative clauses, embedded clauses, spatial relationships

•  Identifying examples of ways in which language and meaning do not transfer directly from one language to another
Examples: to be rarely used in American Sign Language, no written form of American Sign Language

•  Identifying examples that show how vocabulary, linguistic structures, and tense usage in the target language differ from those of English
Example: American Sign Language—TOUCH FINISH, NEW-YORK and English—I have been to New York.

8.) Identify similarities and differences that exist within the American Sign Language culture and other Deaf cultures.

•  Describing influences of events and issues on the relationship between target cultures
•  Comparing social conventions of target cultures
•  Comparing aspects of target cultures, including language, values, and types of recreation
Examples: regional sign differences, degree of hearing loss and its effect on interactions, intermarriage, technology

9.) Explain the origins of typical activities and events of the target culture community.

Examples: political and historic events--"Deaf President Now," a 1988 week-long strike by Gallaudet students resulting in the appointment of a deaf president and restructuring of the Board of Regents

10.) Apply language skills and cultural knowledge to access information for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.


- recreational--Deaf Olympics, sporting events;

- educational--National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID), Gallaudet University;

- occupational--Internet sites, job interviews