Courses of Study: Physical Education

Physical Education, Grade K, 2009

1.) Travel while changing direction, speed, and pathways to avoid contact with peers.

Examples: traveling in general space slowly and quickly and over objects; traveling under, around, and through obstacles

2.) Use correct form while marching and walking.

3.) Demonstrate the nonlocomotor skills of bending, stretching, twisting, turning, rocking, and swaying.

4.) Demonstrate throwing and catching skills by throwing a ball overhand and underhand and catching a tossed ball before it bounces twice.

5.) Demonstrate individual rope-jumping skills by jumping over a rope lying on the floor, jumping over a swinging rope, and jumping a single rope five consecutive times.

6.) Move rhythmically to even and uneven beats in creative dance, aerobic exercises, movement songs, and simple dances.

7.) Demonstrate body control skills by balancing on multiple body parts, rolling sideways without hesitation, and landing with control from a jump.

8.) Combine fundamental movement skills and concepts in simple games.

Examples: walking, marching, galloping in personal and general space

9.) Apply movement vocabulary to fundamental skills upon teacher direction.

9.) Examples: personal space, general space, hop, jump, march, walk

10.) Apply physical education class rules and procedures for starting and stopping, adhering to safety requirements, using equipment, and entering and exiting an activity.

11.) Demonstrate willingness to play with a diverse range of students using sharing skills with equipment and working cooperatively with peers.

12.) Demonstrate respect for classmates by playing without interfering with others and interacting appropriately with peers.

13.) Describe benefits of regular participation in physical activities.

Example: developing a healthier body

14.) Describe the location and function of the heart and lungs.

15.) Identify appropriate footwear and clothing for participation in physical activities.

Physical Education, Grade 1, 2009

1.) Demonstrate jumping and landing skills by using one- and two-foot takeoff methods, balancing at varying levels on multiple body parts, and forming bridges using different body parts.

Example: balancing on one foot and two hands in an asymmetrical position

2.) Apply varied effort and pathways to running, jumping, and throwing.

3.) Demonstrate nonlocomotor skills, including pushing and pulling.

4.) Demonstrate manipulative skills by catching a bounced ball with hands, volleying a soft object, kicking a stationary object, and throwing a ball underhand with two hands.

5.) Apply rhythmic movement to games, activities, and dances.

Example: combining traveling patterns in time to music

6.) Perform individual and partner stunts.

Examples: animal walks, forward roll, single-leg balances, heel click

7.) Demonstrate manipulative and traveling skills in game situations.

8.) Apply movement vocabulary to fundamental movement skills.

Examples: standing side-by-side; moving over or under, around, or through objects

9.) Identify cue words and terms associated with throwing, catching, running, and kicking.

10.) Determine speed and type of movement based on rhythmic beat.

Examples: skipping more quickly or slowly to varying drum beats, dramatizing emotions evoked by the mood of a piece of music

11.) Explain the importance of empathy for feelings, concerns, and limitations of peers.

Examples: explaining the importance of being part of a group; helping others cope with tragedy, home life changes, or limited physical or medical conditions

12.) Demonstrate responsibility and cooperative skills in physical activity settings by helping peers, assisting the teacher, and sharing space and equipment.

13.) Identify exercises that improve flexibility, muscular strength and endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, and body composition.

14.) Explain differences between active and inactive lifestyles.

15.) Explain effects of smoking, lack of sleep, and poor dietary habits on health and physical performance.

Physical Education, Grade 2, 2009

1.) Demonstrate leaping and jumping skills by transferring and absorbing body weight in different ways.

Examples: leaping and absorbing weight on one foot, jumping and absorbing weight on two feet

2.) Demonstrate movements that combine shapes, levels, and pathways into simple sequences.

3.) Apply body management skills on the floor and on apparatus while performing simple individual and partner stunts.

4.) Demonstrate correct form while hopping, galloping, jumping, and sliding.

5.) Demonstrate ball moving skills by passing, dribbling a ball with dominant hand, kicking a slow moving ball, and throwing underhand with one arm.

6.) Display basic rope-jumping skills.

Examples: demonstrating a double side swing with a jump, demonstrating a side straddle, swinging a long rope with a partner

7.) Demonstrate simple folk, line, and mixer dances.

Examples: rhythm stick routines, ribbon dance routines, polka

8.) Utilize combinations of the fundamental movement skills of chasing, fleeing, and dodging.

9.) Identify cue words and terms associated with hopping, galloping, jumping, and sliding.

10.) Explain ways to resolve conflicts during physical activity in a school-approved manner.

Examples: walking away, speaking in a calm voice

11.) Demonstrate safety rules for physical education activities, including games that require implements and tag games that have designated boundaries.

12.) Describe the immediate effect of physical activity on heart rate, breathing rate, and perspiration.

Example: heart beat, breathing rate, amount of sweat increasing or decreasing according to intensity of activity

13.) Explain how physical activity affects overall health, including the heart, lungs, and muscular system.

14.) Explain ways in which food intake affects body composition and physical performance.

Physical Education, Grade 3, 2009

1.) Demonstrate correct form while skipping in general space.

2.) Demonstrate ball control while dribbling with the hand or foot in a stationary position and while traveling within a group.

3.) Demonstrate skills that require crossing the midline of the body, including hitting a ball off a tee and throwing a ball overhand.

4.) Use the correct grip while consistently striking a softly thrown ball with a bat or paddle.

5.) Demonstrate long-rope jumping skills by traveling in and out of a long rope without hesitation and executing consecutive jumps.

6.) Perform rhythmic movement skills of folk, line, and aerobic dances, including incorporating combinations of locomotor skills and partner mixing.

Examples: step-hop, aerobics, circle dances

7.) Demonstrate supporting, lifting, and controlling body weight by transitioning in and out of balanced positions with control.

Examples: headstand, cartwheel, mule kick

8.) Apply combinations of complex locomotor and manipulative skills by chasing, tagging, dodging, and fleeing.

Examples: catching an object while fleeing from an opponent, avoiding an object while traveling

9.) Describe how stability affects skill execution while participating in physical activity.

Example: wider base of support contributing to greater stability

10.) Utilize a variety of locomotor and manipulative skills to create new, or modify existing, games.

11.) Display good sportsmanship.

Example: congratulating a partner or opponent upon completion of play

12.) Apply problem-solving, conflict-resolution, and teamwork strategies to cooperative and group challenges in physical education settings.

13.) Utilize the cooperative skills of listening, discussing, leading, following, and sacrificing individual wants for the good of the group in physical activity settings.

14.) Describe how the blood supplies oxygen and nutrients to the body.

Physical Education, Grade 4, 2009

1.) Demonstrate correct form while leaping.

2.) Demonstrate throwing, striking, and kicking skills by throwing overhand for distance and accuracy, striking with short and long implements, and kicking while approaching a moving object.

3.) Demonstrate short- and long-rope jumping skills, including individual and partner jumping techniques.

Examples: bell, skier, twister

4.) Perform multicultural rhythmic dances, including introductory square dance.

Examples: basic tinikling steps, aerobics, popular dances

5.) Demonstrate gymnastic skills while maintaining proper body alignment by transitioning smoothly between sequences and balancing with control on apparatus.

Examples: walking on a balance beam, transitioning from a right foot balance to a left balance while standing on a poly spot

6.) Apply specialized sport skills in combination with fundamental movement skills in game situations.

Example: passing a soccer ball to a team member while running down the field

7.) Create appropriate physical education activities, including cooperative tasks, group challenges, and games.

8.) Identify cue words and terms associated with leaping, striking, and kicking.

9.) Identify formations and steps associated with dance.


- dance—square, line

- steps—grapevine, do-si-do

10.) Demonstrate positive changes in performance based on peer and teacher evaluations.

11.) List consequences of compliance and noncompliance with rules and regulations while participating in physical activities and games.

12.) Explain outcomes of positive verses negative responses to classmates when winning or losing.

13.) Analyze varying intensities of exercise for effect on heart rate using manual pulse-checking or heart-rate monitors.

14.) Identify devices used to measure cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, body composition, and flexibility.

Examples: heart rate monitor, skinfold caliper, sit-and-reach box, pull-up bar

15.) Describe relationships among food intake, physical activity, and weight maintenance.

Physical Education, Grade 5, 2009

1.) Demonstrate correct form while sprinting and running for distance.

2.) Demonstrate correct form while fielding and punting a ball.

3.) Execute single and dual long-rope activities and stunts.

Examples: ball manipulation, simultaneous jumping and turning, performing routines to music

4.) Demonstrate rhythmic dances, including modern, aerobic, and ethnic.

Examples: grapevine, schottische, polka, tinikling, two-step, square dance

5.) Demonstrate weight transfer and balance on mats and apparatus by smoothly transitioning between combinations of traveling and rolling.

Examples: log roll, straddle forward roll, cartwheel

6.) Apply appropriate skills in sport modified games.

Examples: dribbling, serving, shooting, punting

7.) Identify cue words and terms associated with punting and fielding.

8.) Describe relationships among strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination in successfully executing physical activities.

9.) Identify basic rules, player positions, and offensive and defensive strategies in organized games and in sport modified games.

10.) Explain good sportsmanship techniques for use in settling disputes.

Examples: remaining calm, controlling voice level, listening to all points of view

11.) Explain physical activity and safety benefits of exercising with a partner.

Examples: promoting adherence to regimen, reducing safety hazards

12.) Describe how aerobic exercise affects the efficiency and longevity of the heart and lungs.

13.) Categorize physical activities according to their most beneficial health-related fitness component.

14.) Define the four components of the frequency, intensity, time, and type (F.I.T.T.) principle as they relate to a successful fitness program.

Physical Education, Grade 6, 2009

1.) Demonstrate rope-jumping and original dance routines that incorporate varying lengths, skill sequences, and musical accompaniments.

2.) Combine a variety of skills into sequenced routines.

Example: combining traveling, rolling, balancing, and transferring weight into smooth sequences while altering speed, direction, and flow

•  Integrating fundamental movement and specialized skills into student-choreographed routines
Example: rhythmic, gymnastic, ball, and jump routines

3.) Demonstrate dribbling, shooting, and striking skills.

Examples: dribbling to avoid the ball being stolen, shooting with consistency and correct form, striking for direction and height

4.) Demonstrate forehand and backhand striking skills.

Examples: using forehand and overhand clear in badminton, using forehand and backhand stroke in tennis

5.) Identify rules and regulations for a variety of sports and lifetime activities.

6.) Explain the importance of repetition and practice as a means for skill improvement.

7.) Modify physical activities, games, and sports to meet specified criteria.

Example: modification of games for personal enjoyment

8.) Explain sport-specific etiquette and good sportsmanship for team, individual, and dual sports.

9.) Demonstrate positive social interactions in situations that include members of different genders, cultures, ethnicities, abilities, and disabilities.

10.) Describe progress toward achieving personal fitness goals for each of the health-related fitness components.

Example: tracking progress on personal logs

11.) Analyze exercise and heart rate data to determine adjustments to health fitness plans.

12.) Identify possible injuries resulting from improper exercise routines.

•  Demonstrating proper warm-up and cool-down techniques
13.) Describe the structure and function of the muscular and skeletal systems as they relate to physical performance.

Examples: muscles pulling on bones causing movement, muscles working in pairs, muscles working by contracting and relaxing

Physical Education, Grade 7, 2009

1.) Apply coordinated movements, strategies, and rules to achieve success in a variety of sports and activities.

2.) Demonstrate strategic positioning for offense and defense in game situations.

Examples: staying between opponent and goal, moving between opponent and ball

3.) Demonstrate dances used for social and recreational enjoyment and physical fitness enhancement.

4.) Demonstrate a sequence of balancing skills by traveling on apparatus while working cooperatively with a partner to create a balance sequence.

Examples: balancing on mats, walking a line on the floor

5.) Demonstrate relaxation and stress reduction exercises.

6.) Demonstrate offensive skills, including pick, fake, and screen, for a variety of team sports.

7.) Identify appropriate drills and repetitions to improve performance.

Example: using nondominant hand or foot

8.) Describe the concept of effort as it relates to improvement of skill execution.

Example: slowing or accelerating skill execution to increase success

9.) Analyze peer skill performance for efficiency in sport and recreational activities.

10.) Explain differences between legal and illegal behaviors in sports.

Examples: National Collegiate Athletic Association rules, Alabama High School Athletic Association rules

11.) Apply methods for communicating with confrontational opponents.

•  Practicing social courtesies in group activities
12.) Demonstrate elements, including sport competency, literacy, and enthusiasm, needed to accomplish a team goal in competitive and cooperative environments.

Examples: remaining on task in a group activity, applying problem-solving skills, practicing safety procedures

13.) Identify factors that can be manipulated to achieve an overload in muscular strength and cardiorespiratory endurance.


- muscular strength—repetitions, sets, recovery time

- cardiorespiratory endurance—frequency, intensity, time, type

14.) Explain correlations among nutrition, exercise, and rest in the development of a healthy lifestyle.

Physical Education, Grade 8, 2009

1.) Demonstrate skills utilized in lifetime health-enhancing activities.

Examples: throwing a flying disk, hitting a tennis ball, putting a golf ball

2.) Demonstrate aerobic movement skills and the performance of original dance routines.

•  Choreographing routines
•  Teaching student-created routines
3.) Demonstrate combinations of balancing and supporting skills.

4.) Demonstrate skills used in individual, dual, and team sports.

Examples: basketball, flag football, soccer, softball, volleyball, tennis, badminton

5.) Demonstrate skills associated with adventure, outdoor, and recreational activities.

Examples: orienteering, skating, cycling, walking, hiking

6.) Demonstrate player-to-player defensive strategy skills.

7.) Identify rules, regulations, tactics, strategies, and rituals utilized in individual, dual, and team sports.

8.) Apply movement concepts to sport, dance, gymnastics, recreational skill performances, and other physical activities.

Example: utilizing flowing sequences with intentional changes in direction, speed, and flow

9.) Summarize research findings of at least one local, national, or international game for its history, terminology, rules, and basic skills.

Example: using the Internet or other research resources to produce portfolios, videos, slide presentations, photographs, or scrapbooks

10.) Solve problems in physical activity settings by identifying cause and potential solutions.

Example: describing appropriate responses to an unfair call made by an official

11.) Describe how recognizing opposing opinions and priorities, including displaying willingness to compromise, apply to teamwork and goal achievement.

12.) Apply positive reinforcement to enhance peer physical performance during physical activity.

13.) Explain long-term physiological and psychological benefits resulting from regular participation in physical activity.

14.) Identify the role of exercise in stress reduction.

15.) Apply the F.I.T.T. principle to an individualized fitness plan.

16.) Design a personalized fitness plan.

Physical Education, Grade 9 - 12, Lifelong Individualized Fitness Education, 2009

1.) Demonstrate movement combinations from a variety of physical activities that enhance cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition.

Examples: running, weight training, circuit training, performing aerobic activities

2.) Demonstrate complex movement sequences in a variety of physical activities.

Examples: martial arts, dances, games, outdoor pursuits, individual and team sports

3.) Utilize rules and strategies for safe game play and selected lifetime activities.

Example: organizing teams for modified games

4.) Identify short- and long-term health-enhancing benefits of physical activity.

Examples: lowering resting heart rate, reducing stress level, increasing metabolism, strengthening the immune system

•  Identifying effects of age on physical activity preferences and participation
•  Explaining the relationship of physical, emotional, and cognitive factors that influence the rate of improvement in fitness performance
5.) Identify requirements for selected careers in physical education, health, and fitness.

•  Identifying factors related to career choices
6.) Identify strategies for positive behavior modification and for social interaction among diverse populations.

Example: using peer intervention to bring about desired changes in behavior

7.) Explain the impact of participating in multicultural physical activities.

Example: developing cultural awareness

8.) Demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior during physical activities.

Examples: awareness of surroundings to avoid injury, respect for officials' decisions

9.) Demonstrate responsibilities of a leader or a follower to accomplish group goals.

10.) Critique a community service project that involves physical activity by identifying benefits, problems, compromises, and outcomes.

Examples: walkathons, fun runs, Jump Rope for Heart fundraisers

11.) Utilize health and fitness technologies to develop a healthy lifestyle.

Examples: heart-rate monitors, pedometers, spirometers, skinfold calipers

•  Measuring target physiological functions utilizing correct instruments
•  Calculating health risk based on body composition
12.) Utilize safe practices when participating in physical activities.

Examples: avoiding high-caffeine energy drinks, avoiding dangerous supplements, considering weather conditions, considering medical conditions and personal physical conditions

13.) Compare goals for attaining and maintaining fitness.

14.) Construct criteria for evaluation of commercial fitness and health products and services.

Examples: cost, consumer reviews, availability

15.) Create a nutrition program that targets goals for maintaining energy and recommended body composition.

16.) Design a personal fitness plan that promotes activity for life.

•  Using selected assessments to modify an individualized fitness plan
Examples: range of motion, skinfold, heart rate

•  Applying principles of specificity, overload, frequency, intensity, time, and progression to physical activities
Examples: recording progress, selecting activities, arranging exercise, tracking progress

•  Demonstrating a lifestyle that includes participation in physical activity on a consistent basis

Physical Education, Grade 10 - 12, Elective Course, 2009

1.) Demonstrate complex movement patterns in a variety of activity settings.

Examples: transitioning from a run to a lay-up in basketball, transitioning from a dribble to a pass in soccer, returning a tennis ball with a forehand ground stroke

2.) Apply movement concepts and fitness principles to a variety of physical activity settings.

Examples: offensive and defensive maneuvers in team sports, techniques in weight training

3.) Determine characteristics of highly skilled physical performances.

Examples: alertness in table tennis, accuracy in archery, agility in basketball

4.) Analyze physical activity, sport, and recreational practices for safety, risks, and consequences.

Example: staying behind shooting line in archery

•  Applying rules and procedures to avoid injuries
5.) Use competence, proficiency, and strategy skills to solve problems in a physical education environment.

Examples: gathering data, considering alternatives

6.) Evaluate facilities and programs within the community that may be utilized for maintaining lifelong fitness.

7.) Identify characteristics of a responsible leader, including honesty, respect for others, and self-control, in a physical education activity.

8.) Interpret research regarding social effects associated with engaging in physical activity with others.

9.) Demonstrate independence and self-responsibility in student-led physical activities.

Examples: creating a dance or rope-jumping routine, applying rules and procedures without continuous supervision

10.) Demonstrate the level of fitness required for successful participation in a variety of physical activities.

Example: performing aerobic activities for a minimum of 20 minutes

11.) Describe personal goals implemented in an individualized physical fitness performance plan.