Courses of Study: Credit Recovery Science

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Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 5
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 3
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
1.) Describe sources of energy, including solar, gravitational, geothermal, and nuclear.

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 4
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 3
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
2.) Describe effects on weather of energy transfer within and among the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere.

•  Describing the energy transfer related to condensation in clouds, precipitation, winds, and ocean currents
•  Describing characteristics of the El Niño and La Niña phenomena
•  Using data to analyze global weather patterns
Examples: temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed and direction

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 7
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
3.) Explain how weather patterns affect climate.

•  Explaining characteristics of various weather systems, including high and low pressure areas or fronts
•  Interpreting weather maps and symbols to predict changing weather conditions
•  Identifying technologies used to obtain meteorological data
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
4.) Describe the production and transfer of stellar energies.

•  Describing the relationship between life cycles and nuclear reactions of stars
•  Describing how the reception of solar radiation is affected by atmospheric and lithospheric conditions
Example: volcanic eruptions and greenhouse gases affecting reflection and absorption of solar radiation

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 6
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 4
Unit Plans: 0
5.) Discuss various theories for the origin, formation, and changing nature of the universe and our solar system.

•  Explaining the nebular hypothesis for formation of planets, the big bang theory, and the steady state theory
•  Relating Hubble's law to the concept of an ever-expanding universe
•  Describing the impact of meteor, asteroid, and comet bombardment on planetary and lunar development
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
6.) Explain the length of a day and of a year in terms of the motion of Earth.

•  Explaining the relationship of the seasons to the tilt of Earth's axis and its revolution about the sun
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
7.) Explain techniques for determining the age and composition of Earth and the universe.

•  Using radiometric age methods to compute the age of Earth
•  Using expanding universe measurements to determine the age of the universe
•  Identifying techniques for evaluating the composition of objects in space
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 0
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
8.) Explain the terms astronomical unit and light year.

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
9.) Relate the life cycle of stars to the H-R diagram.

•  Explaining indicators of motion by the stars and sun in terms of the Doppler effect and red and blue shifts
•  Describing the relationship of star color, brightness, and evolution to the balance between gravitational collapse and nuclear fusion
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
10.) Identify scientists and their findings relative to Earth and space, including Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, Newton, and Einstein.

•  Identifying classical instruments used to extend the senses and increase knowledge of the universe, including optical telescopes, radio telescopes, spectroscopes, and cameras
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
11.) Describe pulsars, quasars, black holes, and galaxies.

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Earth and Space Elective
All Resources: 16
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Multimedia: 14
Unit Plans: 0
12.) Describe challenges and required technologies for space exploration.

•  Identifying long-term human space travel needs, including life support
•  Identifying applications of propulsion technologies for space travel
•  Identifying new instrumentation and communication technologies needed for space information gathering
Examples: Mars Exploration Rover, Cassini spacecraft and Huygens probe, Gravity Probe B

•  Identifying benefits to the quality of life that have been achieved through space advances
Examples: cellular telephone, GPS

•  Identifying new technology used to gather information, including spacecraft, observatories, space-based telescopes, and probes
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 14
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 12
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
1.) Identify the influence of human population, technology, and cultural and industrial changes on the environment.

•  Describing the relationship between carrying capacity and population size
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
2.) Evaluate various fossil fuels for their effectiveness as energy resources.

•  Describing the formation and use of nonrenewable fossil fuels
•  Identifying by-products of the combustion of fossil fuels, including particulates, mercury, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide
•  Identifying chemical equations associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
•  Describing benefits of abundant, affordable energy to mankind
•  Identifying effects of fossil fuel by-products on the environment, including ozone depletion; formation of acid rain, brown haze, and greenhouse gases; and concentration of particulates and heavy metals
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 5
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 4
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
3.) Evaluate other sources of energy for their effectiveness as alternatives to fossil fuels.

•  Comparing nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reactions in the production of energy
•  Comparing energy production and waste output in generating nuclear energy
•  Differentiating between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources
•  Identifying local energy sources
Examples: landfill gas, wind, water, sun

•  Identifying ways the law of conservation of energy relates to fuel consumption
Examples: development of hybrid cars, construction of energy-efficient homes

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 8
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 7
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
4.) Identify the impact of pollutants on the atmosphere.

•  Identifying layers of the atmosphere and the composition of air
•  Describing the formation of primary, secondary, and indoor air pollutants
•  Relating pollutants to smog and thermal inversions
•  Investigating the impact of air quality on the environment
•  Interpreting social, political, and economic influences on air quality
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 3
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 0
Multimedia: 3
Unit Plans: 0
5.) Describe properties of water that make it a universal solvent.

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 9
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 6
Multimedia: 3
Unit Plans: 0
6.) Identify sources of local drinking water.

•  Determining the quality of fresh water using chemical testing and bioassessment
•  Describing the use of chemicals and microorganisms in water treatment
•  Describing water conservation methods
•  Describing the process of underground water accumulation, including the formation of aquifers
•  Identifying major residential, industrial, and agricultural water consumers
•  Identifying principal uses of water
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 3
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 2
Unit Plans: 0
7.) Identify reasons coastal waters serve as an important resource.

Examples: economic stability, biodiversity, recreation

•  Classifying biota of estuaries, marshes, tidal pools, wetlands, beaches, and inlets
•  Comparing components of marine water to components of inland bodies of water
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 5
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 5
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
8.) Identify major contaminants in water resulting from natural phenomena, homes, industry, and agriculture.

•  Describing the eutrophication of water by industrial effluents and agricultural runoffs
•  Classifying sources of water pollution as point and nonpoint
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 7
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 5
Multimedia: 2
Unit Plans: 0
9.) Describe land-use practices that promote sustainability and economic growth.

Examples: no-till planting, crop rotation

•  Defining various types and sources of waste and their impact on the soil
Examples:

- types—biodegradeable, nonbiodegradeable, organic, radioactive, nonradioactive;

- sources—pesticides, herbicides

•  Identifying ways to manage waste, including composting, recycling, reusing, and reclaiming
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 2
Multimedia: 0
Unit Plans: 0
10.) Describe the composition of soil profiles and soil samples of varying climates.

•  Identifying various processes and activities that promote soil formation
Examples: weathering, decomposition, deposition

•  Relating particle size to soil texture and type of sand, silt, or clay
Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 2
Learning Activities: 0
Lesson Plans: 1
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
11.) Describe agents of erosion, including moving water, gravity, glaciers, and wind.

•  Describing methods for preventing soil erosion
Examples: planting vegetation, constructing terraces, providing barriers

Credit Recovery Science (2005)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Elective
All Resources: 10
Learning Activities: 1
Lesson Plans: 8
Multimedia: 1
Unit Plans: 0
12.) Identify positive and negative effects of human activities on biodiversity.

•  Identifying endangered and extinct species locally, regionally, and worldwide
•  Identifying causes for species extinction locally, regionally, and worldwide