Credit Recovery Science, Grade 9 - 12, Environmental Elective, 2005
1.) Identify the influence of human population, technology, and cultural and industrial changes on the environment.
Describing the relationship between carrying capacity and population size
2.) Evaluate various fossil fuels for their effectiveness as energy resources.
Describing the formation and use of nonrenewable fossil fuels
Identifying by-products of the combustion of fossil fuels, including particulates, mercury, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide
Identifying chemical equations associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
Describing benefits of abundant, affordable energy to mankind
Identifying effects of fossil fuel by-products on the environment, including ozone depletion; formation of acid rain, brown haze, and greenhouse gases; and concentration of particulates and heavy metals
3.) Evaluate other sources of energy for their effectiveness as alternatives to fossil fuels.
Comparing nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reactions in the production of energy
Comparing energy production and waste output in generating nuclear energy
Differentiating between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources
Identifying local energy sources
Examples: landfill gas, wind, water, sun
Identifying ways the law of conservation of energy relates to fuel consumption
Examples: development of hybrid cars, construction of energy-efficient homes
4.) Identify the impact of pollutants on the atmosphere.
Identifying layers of the atmosphere and the composition of air
Describing the formation of primary, secondary, and indoor air pollutants
Relating pollutants to smog and thermal inversions
Investigating the impact of air quality on the environment
Interpreting social, political, and economic influences on air quality
5.) Describe properties of water that make it a universal solvent.
6.) Identify sources of local drinking water.
Determining the quality of fresh water using chemical testing and bioassessment
Describing the use of chemicals and microorganisms in water treatment
Describing water conservation methods
Describing the process of underground water accumulation, including the formation of aquifers
Identifying major residential, industrial, and agricultural water consumers
Identifying principal uses of water
7.) Identify reasons coastal waters serve as an important resource.
Examples: economic stability, biodiversity, recreation
Classifying biota of estuaries, marshes, tidal pools, wetlands, beaches, and inlets
Comparing components of marine water to components of inland bodies of water
8.) Identify major contaminants in water resulting from natural phenomena, homes, industry, and agriculture.
Describing the eutrophication of water by industrial effluents and agricultural runoffs
Classifying sources of water pollution as point and nonpoint
9.) Describe land-use practices that promote sustainability and economic growth.
Examples: no-till planting, crop rotation
Defining various types and sources of waste and their impact on the soil
- types—biodegradeable, nonbiodegradeable, organic, radioactive, nonradioactive;
- sources—pesticides, herbicides
Identifying ways to manage waste, including composting, recycling, reusing, and reclaiming
10.) Describe the composition of soil profiles and soil samples of varying climates.
Identifying various processes and activities that promote soil formation
Examples: weathering, decomposition, deposition
Relating particle size to soil texture and type of sand, silt, or clay
11.) Describe agents of erosion, including moving water, gravity, glaciers, and wind.
Describing methods for preventing soil erosion
Examples: planting vegetation, constructing terraces, providing barriers
12.) Identify positive and negative effects of human activities on biodiversity.
Identifying endangered and extinct species locally, regionally, and worldwide
Identifying causes for species extinction locally, regionally, and worldwide