# Courses of Study: Credit Recovery Science

 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 5 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 5 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
1.) Explain linear, uniform circular, and projectile motions using one- and two-dimensional vectors.

•  Explaining the significance of slope and area under a curve when graphing distance-time or velocity-time data
Example: slope and area of a velocity-time curve giving acceleration and distance traveled

•  Describing forces that act on an object
Example: drawing a free-body diagram showing all forces acting on an object and resultant effects of friction, gravity, and normal force on an object sliding down an inclined plane

 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 1 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 1 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
2.) Define the law of conservation of momentum.

•  Calculating the momentum of a single object
•  Calculating momenta of two objects before and after collision in one-dimensional motion
 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 2 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 2 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
3.) Explain planetary motion and navigation in space in terms of Kepler's and Newton's laws.

 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 4 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 4 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
4.) Describe quantitative relationships for velocity, acceleration, force, work, power, potential energy, and kinetic energy.

 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 1 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 1 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
5.) Explain the concept of entropy as it relates to heating and cooling, using the laws of thermodynamics.

•  Using qualitative and quantitative methods to show the relationship between changes in heat energy and changes in temperature
 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 8 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 8 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
6.) Describe wave behavior in terms of reflection, refraction, diffraction, constructive and destructive wave interference, and the Doppler effect.

•  Explaining reasons for differences in speed, frequency, and wavelength of a propagating wave in varying materials
•  Describing uses of different components of the electromagnetic spectrum, including radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X rays, and gamma radiation
•  Demonstrating particle and wave duality
•  Describing the change of wave speed in different media
 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 6 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 6 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
7.) Describe properties of reflection, refraction, and diffraction.

Examples: tracing the path of a reflected light ray, predicting the formation of reflected images through tracing of rays

•  Demonstrating the path of light through mirrors, lenses, and prisms
Example: tracing the path of a refracted light ray through prisms using Snell's law

•  Describing the effect of filters and polarization on the transmission of light
 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 1 Learning Activities: 1 Lesson Plans: 0 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
8.) Summarize similarities in the calculation of electrical, magnetic, and gravitational forces between objects.

•  Determining the force on charged particles using Coulomb's law
 Credit Recovery Science (2005) Grade(s): 9 - 12 Physics All Resources: 0 Learning Activities: 0 Lesson Plans: 0 Multimedia: 0 Unit Plans: 0
9.) Describe quantitative relationships among charge, current, electrical potential energy, potential difference, resistance, and electrical power for simple series, parallel, or combination direct current (DC) circuits.