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Mathematics (2019) Grade(s): KG


Represent addition and subtraction up to 10 with concrete objects, fingers, pennies, mental images, drawings, claps or other sounds, acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

Unpacked Content


Students know:
  • how to represent addition and subtraction using models, pictures or symbolic representations.
  • how to explain representations of quantities.


Students are able to:
  • Represent quantities and operations physically, pictorially, or symbolically.
  • Use informational and mathematical language to communicate the connections among addition and subtraction.


Students understand that:
  • both putting together and adding to can be viewed as addition.
  • both taking apart and taking from can be viewed as subtraction.


  • Expression
  • Equation