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English Language Arts (2021) Grade(s): KG


Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.

Unpacked Content


Students know:
  • Phoneme (sound) to grapheme (letter or letters) correspondences to encode (spell) words accurately.
  • Grapheme (letter or letters) to phoneme (sound) correspondences to decode (read) words accurately.
  • Word-analysis skills.


Students are able to:
  • Encode and decode words accurately using knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences.
  • Encode and decode words accurately using word-analysis skills.


Students understand that:
  • Mapping graphemes to phonemes is essential for learning to read or decode words efficiently.
  • Mapping phonemes to graphemes is essential for learning to spell or encode words efficiently.
  • Analyzing a word's structure helps to read and spell a word.


  • Decode
  • Encode
  • Phoneme-grapheme correspondences
  • Word-analysis skills